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Psychiatry > Definitions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Definitions Deck (58):
1

Define 'Illusion'

Misperceptions of real external stimuli

2

Define 'Hallucination'

Perceptions occurring in the absence of external stimuli

3

Define 'Hypnopompic/hypnogogic hallucinations'

Hallucinations that occur as the patient falls asleep/wakes up

4

Define 'Reflex hallucination'

Sensory hallucination from an auditory stimulus

5

Define 'extracampine hallucination'

Hallucination experienced beyond the realms of reality

6

What is an 'auditory, 2nd person hallucination'?

When the hallucination is speaking directly to the patient using 'you'

7

What is an 'auditory 3rd person hallucination'?

When the hallucination speaks about the patient giving a running commentary eg. 'she is..'

8

Define 'overvalued idea'

False/exaggerated belief held without reason and with rigidity- but NOT delusion

9

Define 'delusion'

Belief held outside cultural/social/religious norms with absolute conviction

10

What is a 'persecutory delusion'?

Patient believes an external agent is going to harm them/loved one

11

What is a 'grandiose delusion'?

Patient has an inflated self-worth

12

What is a 'self-referential delusion'?

Patient believes what they see/hear is related to them (even when completely unrelated)

13

What is a 'guilt delusion'?

Patient believes they have caused harm/death to others

14

What is a 'nihilistic delusion'?

Patient believes they are dead, bowels rotten etc

15

What is a 'misidentification delusion'?

Patient believes a close relative/friend has been replaced by an imposter

16

What is a 'hypochondriacal delusion'?

Patient believes they have a condition/disease even when cleared by medical professionals

17

Define 'delusional perception'

A delusional belief resulting from a true perception eg. lights went green and so I know MI5 is after me

18

Define 'thought alienation'

Generic term to cover the types of thought phenomenon

19

Define 'thought insertion'

Belief that patients thoughts are not their own and being put in their head by an external agent

20

Define 'thought withdrawal'

Belief that thoughts have been stolen from patient's head by an external agent

21

Define 'thought broadcast'

Belief that patients thoughts are being broadcast out loud for everyone to hear

22

Define 'thought echo'

From of auditory hallucination where patient hears thoughts spoken aloud either at the same time/after thinking them

23

Define 'thought block'

Sudden interruption in the patient's train of thought leaving them with a blank and cannot get back to it even with prompting

24

Define 'concrete thinking'

Lack of abstract thinking. Patients will take expressions literally.

25

Define 'loosening of association'

Lack of logical association between thoughts - severe schizo/mania

26

Define 'circumstantiality'

Irrelevant wandering in a conversation- takes a long time to get to the point

27

Define 'preservation'

Repetition of a word/theme/point until past the point it was relevant eg. replying to every answer with 2 weeks

28

Define 'confabulation'

Making up stories to fill in blanks in memory- sound coherent but delusional

29

Define 'Somatic passivity'

Belief that patient is passively receiving bodily sensations from an outside agent

30

Define 'made act'

Act is carried out by patient but they believe it is considered alien/imposed. Patient may move arm but say ‘the devil is moving my arm for me and I can’t stop it’

31

Define 'made feeling'

Feeling felt by patient but considered alien/imposed. ‘I am feeling miserable and low, MI5 is causing this as I’m actually fine’

32

Define 'made drive'

Impulse is carried out by patient but considered alien/imposed. 'MI5 is feeding messages into my head that’s making me run down the street’

33

Define 'clouding of consciousness'

Lowered level of consciousness and decreased perception and response to external stimuli . Cx= DRUGS

34

Define 'catatonia'

State of excited/inhibited motor activity in absence of mood disorder/neuro disease

35

Define catatonia- 'wavy flexibility'

Patient's limbs feel like wax/lead and kept in position when moved

36

Define catatonia- 'echolalia'

Automatic repetition of words heard

37

Define catatonia- 'echopraxia'

Automatic repetition of actions seen

38

Define catatonia- 'legoclonia'

Automatic repetition of last syllable of word

39

Define catatonia- 'Negativism'

Motiveless resistance to movement

40

Define catatonia - 'palilalia'

Repetition of word with increasing frequency

41

Define catatonia- 'verbigeration'

Repetition of sentences - in monotonous tone

42

Define 'stupor' or 'akinetic autism'

Complete loss of activity with no response to stimuli

43

Define 'psychomotor retardation'

Slowing of thoughts and movements

44

Define 'flight of ideas'

Rapid skipping of thoughts with distant connections eg. puns

45

Define 'pressure of speech'

Excess rate of speech with sentences that may/may not be linked and can wander off the point

46

Define 'anhedonia'

Loss of interest in activities the patient previously enjoyed

47

Define 'incongruity of affect'

Emotional responses out of sync with topic of conversation

48

Define 'blunting of affect'

Absence of normal emotional responses

49

Define 'belle indifference'

Feeling of indifference about disability/symptom

50

Define 'depersonalisation'

Feeling of sense of detachment from one's own body - spectator to life

51

Define 'derealisation'

Feeling of surroundings not being real- dull, grey, lifeless

52

Define 'dissocation'

Patient feels disconnected from themselves/surroundings

53

Define 'conversion'

SYMPTOM FORMATION- translating psychological conflict into somatic sx - motor/sensory

54

Define 'mannerism'

Bizarre elaboration of normal activities eg. twirling hair on toilet (not when nervous)

55

Define 'stereotyped behaviour'

Uniform, repetitive, non-goal directed actions - can be random movements

56

Define 'obsession'

Recurrent persistent thoughts that enter consciousness and cannot be resisted

57

Define 'compulsion'

Repetitive, apparently purposeful behaviour performed without goal, despite patient knowing its senseless and can't resist

58

Define 'Akathitsia'

Motor restlessness - anxiety (inner restlessness) or can't sit still/sleep