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Flashcards in Definitions Deck (110)
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1

Anastomosis

Surgical connection of 2 tubular structures

2

Anorexia

Loss of appetite

3

Ascites

Abnormal fluid accumulation in abdomen

4

Bowel Obstruction

Blockage preventing normal flow

5

Cirrhosis

Liver disease with degenerating liver cells

6

Diaphragm

Dome shaped muscle separating thoracic and abdominal cavities

7

Diverticulitis

Inflammation of diverticula (small pouches forming walls in colon)

8

Dyspepsia

Gastric indigestion, epigastric discomfort after meals

9

Esophageal Varices

Twisted veins in lower esophagus

10

Feeding Tubes

Semisolid foods and liquids fed through tube passing from nose to stomach

11

Fistula

Abnormal communication between 2 internal organs

12

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

Backflow of gastric content into esophagus cause by regurgitation of acid from stomach. Heartburn

13

Hemorrhoids

Enlarged veins in or outside rectum

14

Hiatus Hernia

Protruding stomach through weakened area of diaphragm

15

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

Chronic
1- regional enteritis (chron's)
2- ulcerative colitis

16

Paracentesis

Removal of fluid from abdomen through incision

17

Peptic Ulcer

Crator shaped area in mucosal wall

18

Polyps

Bulging tissue

19

Resection

Surgical removal of larger portion of organ or body part

20

Total Parenteral Nutrition

Supplying nutritions to body by intravenous route

21

Vagotomy

Severing/cutting vagus nerve
Decreases gastric acid

22

Atelectasis

Collapsed or airless lung

23

Chest Percussion and Vibration

Thickened secretion difficult to cough up
Loosed by tappin or vibrating the chest

24

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (COLD)
Respiratory disorders with chronic partial onbstruction of air passages

25

Pleural Effusion

Excess of fluid in pleural cavity

26

Pneumonia

Acute infection or inflammation in lung

27

Postural Drainage

Using specific position that allows gravity to assist in removing bronchial secretions

28

Pulmonary Edema

Abnormal accumulation of fluid in lungs

29

Sputum

Mucous secretion from lungs, bronchi and trachea, ejected through the mouth

30

Angina Pectoris

Recurrent chest pain, no permanent damage