Definitions Flashcards Preview

Equine Evolutionary Anatomy > Definitions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Definitions Deck (19)
Loading flashcards...
1

Define DORSAL

Dorsal means something is nearer the back of the animal than...
e.g. the backbone is dorsal to the stomach (think dorsal stripe/fin).

2

Define VENTRAL

Ventral means something is nearer the underside of the animal than...
e.g. the breastbone is ventral to the heart

3

Define CRANIAL (ANTERIOR)

Cranial means something is nearer to the skull of the animal than...
e.g. the diaphragm is cranial to the stomach

4

Define CAUDAL (POSTERIOR)

Caudal means something is nearer to the tail of the animal than...
e.g. the ribs are caudal to the neck

5

Define PROXIMAL

Proximal means something is closer to the body of the animal than...
e.g. the shoulder is proximal to the elbow
This is a term used for limb structures.

6

Define DISTAL

Distal means something is further from the body of the animal than...
e.g. the ankle is distal to the knee.
This is a term used for limb structures

7

Define MEDIAL

Medial means something is nearer to the midline of the animal than...
e.g. the bladder is medial to the hips

8

Define LATERAL

Lateral means something is further from the midline of the animal than...
e.g. the ribs are lateral to the lungs

9

Define ROSTAL

Rostal means something is towards the muzzle of the animal
e.g. there are more grey hairs on the rostal part of the head

10

Define EXTENSION

Extension is to increase the angle formed by a hinge joint.

11

Define FLEXION

Flexion is to decrease the angle formed by a hinge joint.

12

Define ABDUCTION

Abduction is to move the limb away from the midline.

13

Define ADDUCTION

Adduction is to move the limb towards the midline.

14

What is the opposite of dorsal?

The opposite of dorsal is ventral.

15

What is the opposite of cranial?

The opposite of cranial is caudal.

16

What is the opposite of proximal?

The opposite of proximal is distal.

17

What is the opposite of medial?

The opposite of medial is lateral.

18

Define PALMAR

Palmar means something is towards the back of the forelimb

19

Define PLANTAR

Planter means something is towards the back of the hind limb