Definitions List Flashcards Preview

LPC 2020 ATS1247 Archaeology > Definitions List > Flashcards

Flashcards in Definitions List Deck (147)
Loading flashcards...
1
Give a meaning for:

Abu Hureyra

Neolithic Village - Gazelle experimentation 9500-5000 BCE

2
Give a meaning for:

Abydos

Site of the very first pharaoh burials. C. 3000 BCE.

3
Give a meaning for:

Acheulian

Oval and pear shaped ‘hand axes’ associated with H. erectus.

4
Give a meaning for:

Achilles

Homer’s central character and he is the hero of the Trojan War.

5
Give a meaning for:

Aegean

Region of the Aegean Sea and lands.

6
Give a meaning for:

Agamemnon

King of Mycenae?

7
Give a meaning for:

Ahhiyawa

People to the West of Hatti.

8
Give a meaning for:

Akkad

Area of Southern Mesopotamia and parts of Syria, Anatolia and Elam.

9
Give a meaning for:

Akhenaten

Formerly Amenhotep IV.

10
Give a meaning for:

Akhetaten

“Horizon of the Aten” - a.k.a. Amarna.

11
Give a meaning for:

Akrotiri

Cycladic Bronze Age settlement on Volcanic Island Santorini. Destroyed and buried in ash.

12
Give a meaning for:

Amarna

Letters or Tell El Amarna
Tell El Amarna was Akhenaten’s capital city.

13
Give a meaning for:

Amenhotep

Pharaoh

14
Give a meaning for:

amphora

Greek ceramic jar with two vertical handles. Used for storing liquids and solids.

15
Give a meaning for:

Amurru

Kingdom in Western Syria/Northern Lebanon.

16
Give a meaning for:

Anatolia

Modern Day Turkey. Country/ region where Hittites occupied.

17
Give a meaning for:

Anemospilia

4 room shrine on Mt Jutkas. 3 violently killed skeletons inside and one killed because of an earthquake. Cult practice.

18
Give a meaning for:

Ankesenamun

Akhenaten’s daughter. Tutankhamun’s wife. His half-sister.

19
Give a meaning for:

Anu

Ancestor of all the deities in Ancient Mesopotamia.

20
Give a meaning for:

Anubis

God that brings the dead forward to be judged (Egyptian)

21
Give a meaning for:

ashlar

Masonry of large square cut stones, used as a facing on walls of brick or stone rubble.

22
Give a meaning for:

Assur

Capital city of the Old Assyrian Empire.

23
Give a meaning for:

Assyria

Mespotamian country. Took over Mitanni and faced the Hittites.

24
Give a meaning for:

Atrius

Father of Agamemnon and Menelaus in Greek Mythology.

25
Give a meaning for:

Australopithecus

Earliest known form of humans.

26
Give a meaning for:

Baal

Title meaning “owner”, “lord” in the Levant. Was applied to Gods as well.

27
Give a meaning for:

Babylonia

Vassal state of Mesopotamia.

28
Give a meaning for:

Bahrain

Location of an ancient Dilmun civilization.

29
Give a meaning for:

Blegen

Carl Blegen (American) archaeologist worked on Pylos and Troy.

30
Give a meaning for:

Canaan

Other name for the Levant. Consists of Israel, Palestine, the Westbank, West Jordan, SOuthern coast of Syria, Southern Turkey