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Flashcards in Definitions (U1) Deck (31)
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Define the Rule of Law

The rule of law means that everyone is equal underneath the law.


Define democratic

A form of Government in which people freely govern themselves; where the executive and legislative (law making) power is given to people chosen by the population.


Define democracy

A form of Government in which people freely govern themselves; where the executive and legislative (law making) power is given to people chosen by the population.


Define civil law

A body of rules that delineate private rights and remedies, and govern disputes between individuals in areas such as contracts, property, and family law.


Define criminal law

Is the body of law that relates to a crime. It proscribes conduct perceived as threatening, harmful, or otherwise endangering to the property, health, safety and moral welfare of people.


Define laws

The system of rules which a particular country or community recognises as regulating the actions of its members and which it may enforce by the imposition of penalties.


Define rules

The decisions you parents, guardians and school make about your safety and needs.


Define customs

Customs are actions, behaviours and standards that are shared and expected of a particular culture. For this reason, people from different cultures act and behave differently.


Define common law

Is defined as a body of legal rules that have been made by judges as they issue rulings on cases,


Define equality

Equality is the state of being equal, especially in rights, status and opportunities.


Define fairness

Fairness means being impartial and the just treatment or behaviour without favouritism or discrimination.


Define judiciary

Is the system of courts that interprets and applies law in legal cases.


Define executive

Is the part of the government that executes and enforces the law.


Define legislative

This is the system where the laws are made and passed.


Define anarchy

Is a state of disorder due to the absence or lack of recognition of authority.


Define tyranny

Is the cruel and oppressive government or rule.


Define constitutional monarchy

Is a form of government in which a non-elected monarch functions as the head of state within the limits of a constitution.


Define representative democracy

A type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people.


Define the house of representatives

: A body of elected officials who represent individual districts.


Define the senate

Has the power to make law with the other houses of parliament.


Define constitution

A set of rules by which Australia (country) is run.


Define government

The group of people with the authority to govern a country or state.


Define referendum

A general vote by the electorate on a single political question.


Define redistribution

The distribution of something in a different way.


Define statute law

The body of principals and rules of law laid down in statues.


Define delegated legislation

Is the process by which the executive authority is given powers by primary legislation.


Define international law

A body of rules established by custom or treaty and recognized by nations as binding in their relations with one another.


Define just

Legally right, conforming to that which is lawful or fair and proper in all circumstances.


Define equitable

: Even and impartial; balance between the rule of law and the rights and freedoms of individuals and society. Impartial and fair outcome or result where the statute law is silent.


Define statutory interpretation

The process used by judges and magistrates in court to interpret and apply the legislation.