Flashcards in Derm 1 - Basic terminology Deck (30):
Small flat area of altered colour
Large flat area of altered colour/texture
Solid raised lesion < 0.5 cm in diameter
Solid raised lesion >0.5 cm in diameter
Palpable scaling raised lesion >0.5 cm in diameter
Raised, clear fluid-filled <0.5 cm in diameter
Raised, clear fluid-filled lesion >0.5 cm in diameter
Pus-containing lesion <0.5 cm in diameter
Localised accumulation of pus in dermis or subcutaneous tissues
Transient raised lesion due to dermal oedema
Loss of epidermis following trauma
Well-defined roughening of skin with accentuation of skin markings
In which condition is excoriation and lichenification commonly seen?
Loss of epidermis and dermis
Which conditions are associated with clubbing?
- Cyanotic heart disease
- Coeliac disease
- Lung cancer
- Lung abscess
- Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
- Cystic fibrosis
Which condition is associated with koilonychia?
Which conditions are associated with oncholysis?
- Fungal nail infection
Which conditions are associated with nail pitting?
- Alopecia areata
What are the 6 main functions of skin?
1) Protective barrier
2) Temperature regulation
4) Vit D synthesis
What are the 4 main cell types in the epidermis?
2) Langerhans' cells
4) Merkel cells
Which cells in the epidermis contain specialised nerve endings for sensation?
What is the function of Langerhans' cells in the epidermis?
Present antigens and activate T-lymphocytes for immune protection
What are the 4 layers in the epidermis?
1) Stratum corneum
2) Stratum granulosum
3) Stratum spinosum
4) Stratum basale
In which layer of the epidermis do keratinocytes lose their nuclei?
What amount of emollients should someone with psoriasis be using per month?
What is the function of emollients?
Rehydrate skin and re-establish lipid layer
Give me a mild, moderate, potent and very potent topical corticosteroid:
Mild - hydrocortisone
Moderate - Clobetasone
Potent - Betamethasone
V potent - Clobetasol
What % hydrocortisone should be used on the face if necessary?
How would you advise the application of topical corticosteroids?
Finger-tip dose should be enough to cover 2 hands.
Apply thinly, for shortest length of time