Flashcards in Dermatological Lesions Deck (24):
What are nonpalpable, flat changes in skin color; small, ≤ 1 cm?
What are nonpalpable, flat changes in skin color; larger, > 1 cm?
What are palpable, elevated solid masses; small, ≤ 0.5 cm?
What are palpable, elevated solid masses; larger, > 0.5 cm (can be a coalescence of papules)?
What are palpable, elevated solid masses; 0.5-2.0 cm (deeper and firmer than papule)?
What are palpable, elevated solid masses nodule > 2 cm?
What are palpable, elevated solid masses localized skin edema, irregular, transient, superficial, variable size?
What are superficial elevations formed by fluid within a cavity or between tissue layers ≤ 0.5 cm (serous filled)?
What are superficial elevations formed by fluid within a cavity or between tissue layers vesicle > 0.5 cm?
What are superficial elevations formed by fluid w/in cavity or between tissue layers any size, filled with purulent?
What does DERMATOLOGICAL stand for?
D: Describe integrity
R: Review sensory status
A: Atrophic changes
T: Turgor, texture
O: Observe nail and hair quality
L: Look and feel for color and temperature variation
O: Observe skin folds and between toes
G: Gerontodermatological changes
I: Inquire about allergies and PMH
A: Assess vascular status
What is is called when skin is thickened?
What are pruritic edematous pink or red wheals; "hives". Can be acute or chronic and are commonly associated with foods, medications, exposure to allergens, or chemicals.
What is chronic, recurrent inflammatory disease that has an unknown causes and tends to cause round, erythematous, dry, scaling plaques covered by silvery white scales
What is is when patients present with xerosis, poorly defined patches/papules/plaques with out without scales, kins appears edematous, excoriations due to pruritis/constant scratching?
What is similar to eczema but exogenous?
What does ABCDE stand for?
Asymmetrical, Border, Color, Diameter, Elevation or Evolution
What is the most common benign epithelial tumor?
What is another name for cutaneous papillomas or fibromas?
What are button-like nodules, commonly found on extremities, that present with a positive "dimple sign"?
What is the most common type of skin cancer that presents as small, pink or flesh colored nodules that enlarge over time?
Basal cell carcinoma
What is a malignant tumor of the outer epidermis that presents as scaly, elevated lesions with irregular borders and shallow central ulcers?
Squamous cell carcinoma
What is a rapidly progressing metastatic melanocyte cancer that presents with irregular borders, uneven surfaces, and black or brown is a red/inflamed/tender surrounding area?