Dermatological Lesions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Dermatological Lesions Deck (24):
1

What are nonpalpable, flat changes in skin color; small, ≤ 1 cm?

Macules

2

What are nonpalpable, flat changes in skin color; larger, > 1 cm?

Patches

3

What are palpable, elevated solid masses; small, ≤ 0.5 cm?

Papules

4

What are palpable, elevated solid masses; larger, > 0.5 cm (can be a coalescence of papules)?

Plaques

5

What are palpable, elevated solid masses; 0.5-2.0 cm (deeper and firmer than papule)?

Nodules

6

What are palpable, elevated solid masses nodule > 2 cm?

Tumors

7

What are palpable, elevated solid masses localized skin edema, irregular, transient, superficial, variable size?

Wheals

8

What are superficial elevations formed by fluid within a cavity or between tissue layers ≤ 0.5 cm (serous filled)?

Vesicles

9

What are superficial elevations formed by fluid within a cavity or between tissue layers vesicle > 0.5 cm?

Bullae

10

What are superficial elevations formed by fluid w/in cavity or between tissue layers any size, filled with purulent?

Pustules

11

What does DERMATOLOGICAL stand for?

D: Describe integrity
E: Edema
R: Review sensory status
M: Moisture
A: Atrophic changes
T: Turgor, texture
O: Observe nail and hair quality
L: Look and feel for color and temperature variation
O: Observe skin folds and between toes
G: Gerontodermatological changes
I: Inquire about allergies and PMH
C: Callus
A: Assess vascular status
L: Lesions

12

What is is called when skin is thickened?

lichenification

13

What are pruritic edematous pink or red wheals; "hives". Can be acute or chronic and are commonly associated with foods, medications, exposure to allergens, or chemicals.

Urticaria

14

What is chronic, recurrent inflammatory disease that has an unknown causes and tends to cause round, erythematous, dry, scaling plaques covered by silvery white scales

Psoriasis

15

What is is when patients present with xerosis, poorly defined patches/papules/plaques with out without scales, kins appears edematous, excoriations due to pruritis/constant scratching?

Eczema (endogenous)

16

What is similar to eczema but exogenous?

Dermatitis

17

What does ABCDE stand for?

Asymmetrical, Border, Color, Diameter, Elevation or Evolution

18

What is the most common benign epithelial tumor?

Seborrheic keratosis

19

What is another name for cutaneous papillomas or fibromas?

Skin tags

20

What are button-like nodules, commonly found on extremities, that present with a positive "dimple sign"?

Dermatofibroma

21

What is the most common type of skin cancer that presents as small, pink or flesh colored nodules that enlarge over time?

Basal cell carcinoma

22

What is a malignant tumor of the outer epidermis that presents as scaly, elevated lesions with irregular borders and shallow central ulcers?

Squamous cell carcinoma

23

What is a rapidly progressing metastatic melanocyte cancer that presents with irregular borders, uneven surfaces, and black or brown is a red/inflamed/tender surrounding area?

Malignant melanoma

24

What is a malignancy of cells lining blood vessels that is linked with herpes virus and HIV that beings as an ecchymotic-like macule and evolves into papules, plaques, nodules, and tumors of varying colors?

Kaposi's sarcoma