What are 7 ways as to why products evolve over time?
- Developments in ideas
- Manufacturing processes and technologies
- Social changes
- Political changes
- Cultural changes
- Environmental changes
What are the 8 major design movements?
- Arts & Crafts movement
- Art Nouveau
- Art Deco
- De Stijl
- Post Modernism
4 features of Arts & Crafts Movement
- Founded by William Morris
- The designs for wallpaper, furniture and textiles are often based on patterns found in nature.
- Furniture in this style is UPRIGHT and ANGULAR.
- Normally made by hand, by skilled craftsmen.
3 features of Art Nouveau
- Designs are FLOWING and CURVY
- They often use FLORAL or INSECT motifs.
- Well known designers: Louis C. Tiffany and Rene Lalique
3 features of Art Deco
- Inspired by African and Egyptian art.
- Involves bold colours, geometric, zigzag and stepped shapes, bold sweeping curves and sunburst motifs.
- Examples of Art Deco architecture: Chrysler Building in New York.
3 features of Bauhaus
- Founded by Walter Gropius in Germany
- The motto was ‘form follows function’ - products should be designed with their function as the starting point, rather than appearance.
- Furniture often has: chrome tubing and black leather.
3 features of Modernism
- Made ergonomically, using appropriate materials and very little decoration
- Well known designer: Charles Rennie Mackintosh
- Implements the use of geometric shapes, which were easier to mass produce.
3 features of De Stijl
- Designs were basic, using simple shapes, vertical and horizontal lines and primary colours.
- Well known designers: Gerrit Rietveld and Theo Van Doesburg
- Well known design: Red and Blue Chair
5 features of Postmodernism
- Style should be the starting point (contrary to Bauhaus)
- The Memphis Movement implemented this.
- Uses many bright, contrasting colours and different materials.
- Postmodernism styles include: Kitsch (tasteless) and extreme minimalism (designs without decorative features)
- Well known design: Ettore Sottsass Carlton cabinet.
What is Continuous Improvement (CI) ?
The process where companies/businesses continually improve their products and customer service in order to ensure their survival in the market.
Why is CI vital in product evolution?
Because you are continuously enhancing your product/service, so it is changing the product as a whole.
What are 2 factors as to why new products are developed?
- Marketing Pull
2. Technological Push
What is Technology Push?
When research and development in new technology, drives the development of new products.
What is Market Pull?
Refers to the need/requirement for a new product or solution to a problem - the need is identified by potential customers or customer research.