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Flashcards in Development Deck (17)
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1

What is development

Development is about economic, social and environmental progress

2

Why are some countries rich and others poor

Corrupt government
Disease
Climate
Land locked

3

What are development indicators

Development indicators measure levels of development

4

What type of development indicators are they

Economic indicators - GNP, GDP, GDP PER CAPITA

Social indicators - Life expectancy, Infant mortality, Literacy rate

Political indicators - corruption rates, freedom of speech

Environmental indicators - CO2 emissions, deforestation, recycling rates

Composite Indicators - An indicator that is made up of a number of development indicators

5

What is HDI

Human development index

6

Getting to know other countries Spain , Madrid

Capital city: Madrid

Population: 46.57 million

High income

Total GDP: 1.311 trillion

GDP per capita: 28.156

HDI: 0.891

Life expectancy: 82-83 years r

7

Why birth rate is higher in LEDC countries

Lack of access to contraception
For help with farm work
Look after parents when they are old
Religion
Tradition

8

Why life expectancy is higher in medc

Vaccination
Investment in healthcare
Quality healthcare
Access to water
More nutrition
Cleaner conditions

9

Why are Nic (newly industrialized country) growing so rapidly

Strong and stable government
Good level of infrastructure
Switch from primary service to secondary and tertiary
Profits spent on goods produced in the country
Focus on export and goods

10

What types of aid are there

Emergency or short aid
Conditional aid
Charitable aid
Long term aid
Multilateral aid

11

What is emergency or short aid

An aid needed after sudden disasters

12

What is conditional aid

When one county donates money to another with conditions

13

What is charitable aid

Funded by donations from the public

14

What is long term aid

Involves providing local communities with education and skills for sustainable development

15

What is multilateral aid

Given through international organizations such as the world bank

16

Advantages of aid

Emergency aid saves life
Provision of medical training can improve health

17

Disadvantages of aids

Aid can be used to put political pressure
Corruption can mean that aid is lost
If a country relies on aids it can become dependent on it
Reliance on foreign languages