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Brain and Behavior Part 2 > Developmental Milestones > Flashcards

Flashcards in Developmental Milestones Deck (29):
0

What are the 4 major domains of developmental milestones? What are the broad patterns of their development?

Gross Motor: head -> toe
Fine Motor: flexor -> extensor
Language: receptive -> expressive
Social: me -> you

1

What's the key phrase for birth to 1 month?

Hold me! (hold my neck!)

2

For birth to 1 what are the development milestones for gross motor, fine motor, language, and social domains?

Gross motor: Flexor tone, no head control
Fine motor: hands mostly fisted
Language/social: recognizes mothers voice (tunes into voices heard to utero)

3

What kind of visual things do babies prefer from birth - 1mo?

Black and white things with well-defined edges.

4

Name 4 primitive reflexes. What is their relationship to proceeding through development?

Root/suck
Moro/startle
Grasp
Asymmetric Tonic Neck (Fencer)
These must be extinguished before normal development can occur.

5

Key phrase for development at 2mo?

Smile at me. (and I'll smile back)

6

What are the gross motor, fine motor, language, and social development milestones at 2mo?

Gross motor: lifts head and trunk to 45 degrees
Fine motor: opening and closing hands (grasp)
Language: coos to get attention
Social: smiles responsively, visually follows across midline, imitates sounds

7

Key phase for development at 4mo?

Talk to me! (and I'll talk back)

8

What are the gross motor, fine motor, language, and developmental milestones for 4mos?

Gross motor: rolls over, sits with support (fencer reflex must be extinguished)
Fine motor: grabs intentionally
Language: babbles conversationally
Social: flirts and recognizes familiar people

9

Key phrase for development at 6mo?

Gimme that!

10

What are the gross motor, fine motor, language, and social developmental milestones at 6mos?

Gross motor: Sits alone and crawls
Fine motor: transfers from hand to hand, feeds self
Language: strings consonants ("goo-goo"), laughs
Social: begins to show preference for primary caregiver

11

Key phrase for development at 9mo?

Tastes great.

12

What are the gross motor, fine motor, language, and social developmental milestones at 9mo?

Gross motor: cruises and stands with help
Fine motor: Princer grasp and bangs objects together
Language: Dada, mama, jargons (but still nonspecific)
Social: Stranger anxiety.

13

Key phrase for 12-15 months?

Let me do it!

14

Gross motor, fine motor, language, and social developmental milestones for 12-15mos?

Gross motor: starts to walk, climb stairs.
Fine motor: drinks from cup (and dumps it out)
Language: Single words, points, waves "bye," shakes head "no"
Social: Very imitative of what you do, shy with strangers.

15

Key phrase for 18-21mos?

Outta my way!

16

Gross motor, fine motor, language, and social developmental milestones for 18-21mos?

Gross motor: Climb, run, dance (with underdeveloped fear)
Fine motor: Stacks blocks, plays with toys, washes hands
Language: More words, some phrases
Social: prefers to play alone or in parallel

17

Key phrase for development at 2 years?

I love/live to play.

18

Gross motor, fine motor, language, and social developmental milestones at 2 years?

Gross motor: runs and kicks balls, jumps, takes on stairs
Fine motor: Scribbles (on the wall!)
Language: 2 word phrases, 50% understandable, follows simple commands
Social: Plays by self, short attention span, shows some defiance

19

Key phrase for development at 3 years?

Let me show you.

20

Gross motor, fine motor, language, and social developmental milestones for age 3?

Gross motor: rides tricycle, runs well
Fine motor: turns pages, colors, feeds self
Language: 4-5 word sentences, 75% understandable
Social: imagination, beginning to play with others (but hard to share)

21

Key phrase for development at 4 years?

Let me tell you something... (they love to talk)

22

Gross motor, fine motor, language, and social developmental milestones at age 4?

Gross motor: rides bike, throws, hops
Fine motor: cuts with scissors, draws stick people
Language: tells stories, endless questions, close to 100% understandable
Social: cooperates and plays with friends (duck-duck goose, tag, etc.)

23

Key phrase for development at 5 years?

I can do this.

24

Gross motor, fine motor, language, and social developmental milestones for age 5?

Gross motor: dresses self, somersaults, skips
Fine motor: Prints, exhibits handedness, uses fork and spoon
Language: Recognizes numbers, letters, colors. Able to lie.
Social: Follows rules and takes turns.

25

There's a baby whose neck must be held. What's the most likely age?

1 month.

26

Kid with fine pincer grip and standing on own. What's the most likely age?

9 months.

27

Girl likes to dress up and pretend. Beginning to play with friends. Most likely age?

3 years old.

28

Kid having conversation with grandma about a book she brought him. Most likely age?

At least 4-5 years old.