Developmental Variations and Reflexes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Developmental Variations and Reflexes Deck (23)
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1

Red flags for development (7)

assymetry of movement; not reaching for objects by 6 months; unable to sit unsupported by 12 months; unable to walk by 18 months; no speech by 18 months; loss of skills

2

Screening that occurs in down syndrome (7)

Cardiac; vision; hearing; thyroid function; sleep related breathing disorders; growth charts; development

3

What do you check if a child is not walking by 18 months ?

CK

4

Conditions causing motor delays

Duchenne muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy, co-ordination disorders

5

Manoeuvre seen by children with Duchennes?

Gower's manoevure

6

Conditions associated with cerebral palsy

Epilepsy, hearing and visual impairement, feeding difficulties, mobility problems

7

Autistic Triad

Communication, social interaction and flexibility of thought/imagination

8

ATNR reflex should be lost by...

3-4 months

9

What is the ATNR reflex?

when you lie out with head to one side, contalateral arm and leg spread out to "save" from falling

10

What is the parachute reflex?

when a child puts a hand out to the side they are falling on

11

When should the parachute reflex be in place?

5-7 months

12

limit age of social smile

8 weeks

13

4 reflexes that you should lose

Moro, Stepping and placing, palmar and plantar reflex, sucking and rooting

14

If a child is not eating with a spoon or with appropriate utensils look out for...

parents being overly concerned about mess and thus not letting child try...

15

If a child has fine motor delay, check what...

vision

16

Normal variations of crawling

bumshuffling, commando crawl, torpedo shuffle, 4 point crawling

17

Walking limit age

18 months

18

Rett's syndrome

girls who develop normally for a year and then start regressing

19

Signs of Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Gower's manouevre, pseudohypertrophy of calf, lumbar lordosis (pelvic weakness)

20

Difference in communication for ASD children

expressive > receptive language, learn language well and may sound advanced but not necessarily understanding

21

Cafe au lait patches are associated with...

NFM type 1

22

Sensorineural hearing loss

some normal hearing but may be loss at certain frequenxies (higher usually)

23

conductive hearing loss

consistenly low level of hearing