Deviation from Social Norms (DFSN) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Deviation from Social Norms (DFSN) Deck (14)
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1

what are social norms?

- created by society
- acceptable standards of behaviour set by a social group

2

according to DFSN why are people seen as abnormal?

anyone who doesn't adhere to the social norms are seen as abnormal

3

what are the 2 types of social norms?

- explicit
- implicity

4

what are explicit social norms?

- a written rule/ law
- e.g if you're depressed / have agoraphobia you may not leave the house and not attend school
- this breaks the law that education is compulsory until 18

5

what are implicit social norms?

- not a written rule
- e.g someone with OCD may turn a light on and pff multiple times
- this goes against the norm of just doing it once

6

how do social norms vary?

vary across cultures, situations, age and gender

7

what is important to consider about social norms varying?

the degree to which a social norm is deviated and how important society sees that norm being

8

what are the strengths of DFSN?

- practical applications
- culture bias

9

what are the practical applications of DFSN?

- focuses on observable behaviour
- clearly identify those deviating from social norms
- not all p's have insight into their condition
- DFSN allows you to intervene and offer support

10

how is culture bias a strength of DFSN?

- takes into account cultural, historical and situational differences
- e.g DSM V considers symptoms that occur among different social groups
- e.g DSM recognises with different cultural norms come different abnormalities
- accepts that what counts as abnormal is not rigid

11

what is the counter evaluation of DFSN being cultural?

- doesn't account for those who move culture
- e.g p who moved to western culture who hears voices is labelled as schz
- in their culture it could have been spiritual
- this is an issue in multi cultural societies
- difficult to give correct diagnosis = wrong treatment

12

what are the limitations of DFSN?

- social control
- not a sole explanation

13

how is social control a weakness of DFSN?

- used as a form of social control to exclude non conformists
- e.g the main symptom of drapetomania in the past was black slaves wanting to run away
- this is no longer seen as abnormal as social norms change
- can lead to wrong diagnosis
- can lead to discrimination / segregation

14

why is DSFN not a sole explanation?

- not all abnormalities can be defined by looking at norms
- there are other abnormal behaviour elements
- e.g how behaviour affects others
- e.g Antisocial personality disorder can cause distress to others
- this is not considered by DFSN
- can't be used on it's own to identify abnormality