Failure to Function Adequately (FFA) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Failure to Function Adequately (FFA) Deck (16)
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according to FFA what makes someone abnormal?

- p unable to continue with their normal everyday life
- day to day living is difficult
- this is a general sign of a mental illness and is not a specific disorder


how might someone with agoraphobia FFA?

- fear of going out
- can't do everyday tasks e.g going work / skl


how might someone with depression FFA?

- less motivation to get up or go out
- can't carry out everyday functions
- e.g going to work


what key researchers looked into FFA?

Rosenhan and Seligman


what did Rosenhan and Seligman argue?

there are 5 features of behaviour that indicate whether someone is failing to function adequately


what are Rosenhan and Seligman's 5 features of behaviour?

- observer discomfort
- unpredictability
- irrationality
- maladaptiveness
- personal suffering and distress


what is observer discomfort?

- when p's behaviour causes distress to observer
- e.g crying can make observer upset


what is unpredictability?

- we rely on behaviour around us to be predictable
- if p's behaviour is unpredictable it suggests something is wrong
- e.g someone quiet becomes abrupt / outburst


what is irrationality?

- if p's behaviour is irrational / hard to understand it suggests somethings wrong
- e.g paranoia, anxiety, schz


what is maladaptiveness?

- behaviour which is not helpful / not adaptive
- it limits the ability of a person to adjust to a certain situation
- e.g agoraphobia


what is personal suffering and distress?

- inability to cope with everyday life causes distress
- e.g anorexia, OCD


what are the strengths of FFA?

- easy to judge
- considers individual perspective


how does FFA make it easy to judge a person?

- DSM V uses WHODAS 2.0
- this is a self report that evaluates p's ability to preform activities in 6 areas e.g communication over last 30 days
- each area is rated 1-5 and p is given score out of 180
- score represents global disability
- this is objective therefore more reliable


how does FFA consider individual perspectives?

- considers p's own suffering when deciding if it's abnormal
- this is similar to how classifications system diagnose mental health
- e.g extreme distress is a sign of a phobia
- it's subjective therefore diagnosis is specific to p


what is the counter evaluation to FFA considering individual perspectives?

- subjective
- someone has to decide is their distress is enough to be classed as abnormal
- different clinicians might class the same person as abnormal or not
- therefore some p's might not get treatment


what are the limitations of FFA?

- not a universal definition
- doesn't consider context