Flashcards in Failure to Function Adequately (FFA) Deck (16)
according to FFA what makes someone abnormal?
- p unable to continue with their normal everyday life
- day to day living is difficult
- this is a general sign of a mental illness and is not a specific disorder
how might someone with agoraphobia FFA?
- fear of going out
- can't do everyday tasks e.g going work / skl
how might someone with depression FFA?
- less motivation to get up or go out
- can't carry out everyday functions
- e.g going to work
what key researchers looked into FFA?
Rosenhan and Seligman
what did Rosenhan and Seligman argue?
there are 5 features of behaviour that indicate whether someone is failing to function adequately
what are Rosenhan and Seligman's 5 features of behaviour?
- observer discomfort
- personal suffering and distress
what is observer discomfort?
- when p's behaviour causes distress to observer
- e.g crying can make observer upset
what is unpredictability?
- we rely on behaviour around us to be predictable
- if p's behaviour is unpredictable it suggests something is wrong
- e.g someone quiet becomes abrupt / outburst
what is irrationality?
- if p's behaviour is irrational / hard to understand it suggests somethings wrong
- e.g paranoia, anxiety, schz
what is maladaptiveness?
- behaviour which is not helpful / not adaptive
- it limits the ability of a person to adjust to a certain situation
- e.g agoraphobia
what is personal suffering and distress?
- inability to cope with everyday life causes distress
- e.g anorexia, OCD
what are the strengths of FFA?
- easy to judge
- considers individual perspective
how does FFA make it easy to judge a person?
- DSM V uses WHODAS 2.0
- this is a self report that evaluates p's ability to preform activities in 6 areas e.g communication over last 30 days
- each area is rated 1-5 and p is given score out of 180
- score represents global disability
- this is objective therefore more reliable
how does FFA consider individual perspectives?
- considers p's own suffering when deciding if it's abnormal
- this is similar to how classifications system diagnose mental health
- e.g extreme distress is a sign of a phobia
- it's subjective therefore diagnosis is specific to p
what is the counter evaluation to FFA considering individual perspectives?
- someone has to decide is their distress is enough to be classed as abnormal
- different clinicians might class the same person as abnormal or not
- therefore some p's might not get treatment