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6 Endocrine > Diabetes - Insulin > Flashcards

Flashcards in Diabetes - Insulin Deck (16)
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1

Lipidodistrophy can be avoided by

rotating injection site

2

Problem with inj into the limbs?

use of muscles can increase rate of absorption

3

when would you adjust the ration of short to long acting insulin in a mix?

post prandial hyperglycaemia

4

Two things that reduce warning signs of hypos

having hypos often
beta blockers (they also slow down recovery from hypos)

5

converting from what animal insulin requires dose adjustment

beef to human = reduce by 10%

6

most suitable form of insulin for diabetic emergencies e.g DKA

soluble

7

name four long acting insulins

Lantus - glargine
Levimir - detemir
Tresiba - degludec

8

what insulin comes in *TWO DIFFERENT STRENGTHS*

Tresiba - degludec

9

Name 3 rapid acting insulins

Novorapid - aspart
Humalog - lispro
Apidra - glusin

10

NAme 4 short acting insulins

act rapid
Humulin S
Insoman Rapid

11

Name 3 intermediate acting insulins

Humulin I
Insulatard
Insuman basal

12

what target blood glucose levels

Always between 4 and 9

before meals 4-7
after meals under 9

13

In community pharmacy what should you do when giving out insulin?

show the patient the container to confirm

14

What are major sources of error in hospital from insulin

abbreviating the word units
administering long and short acting the wrong way round

15

how does diet differ with people using basal bolus or mixed insulin

adjust carbs to mixed insulins
adjust insulin to the carbs being eaten

16

Who should administer a patients insulin in hospital?

the patient