Diabetes Key Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Diabetes Key Terms Deck (9):
1

Glucagon 6

Hormone secreted by pancreatic endocrine cells that raise blood glucose levels.

2

Glucose 7 Tolerance Test

A test determining blood glucose levels in the blood or urine used to detect diabetes.

3

Homeostasis 1

The maintenance of relatively stable internal conditions under environmental conditions.

4

Hormone 4

Circulates in blood, produces effect on activity in cells.

5

Insulin 5

Hormone secreted by the pancreas, essential for regulation of glucose levels in the blood.

6

Negative 2Feedback

A primary mechanism of homeostasis that triggers a response that counteracts the initial fluctuation.

7

Positive 3Feedback

Feedback that tends to magnify a process

8

Type 1 Diabetes 8

Develops during childhood or adolescence. Characterized by deficiency of insulin, leading to high blood glucose levels.

9

Type 2 Diabetes 9

Develops especially in adults and most often obese individuals. Characterized by high blood glucose resulting from impaired insulin utilization coupled with the body's inability to compensate.