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Physical Education - C1 > Diet > Flashcards

Flashcards in Diet Deck (16):
1

Micronutrients

Parts of your food that you need for normal growth, but only in small amounts - what we usually call minerals and vitamins.

2

Macronutrients

The types of food that you need in large amounts of your diet: carbohydrates, proteins and lipids.

3

Carbohydrates

- Provide quick energy.
- 60% of an athletes diet.
- Break down to glucose to provide fast-release energy.
- Athletes will carb load in preparation for an event.

4

Complex Carbohydrates (Starch)

Long lasting energy source. Found in natural foods, bananas and wholemeal bread.

5

Simple Carbohydrates (Sugar)

Quick releasing energy source. Found in natural forms in fruit and vegetables and in refined form such as confectionary.

6

Dehydration

Loss of water and salts essential for normal body function.

7

Hydrate

Take on water.

8

Metabolic Rate

Rate at which metabolic processes take place, the rate at which the body uses energy.

9

Hydration

The body has the correct amount of water in cells, tissues and organs to function correctly.
Men = 2.5L a day of water
Women = 2L a day of water

10

Diuretic

Making you produce more urine.

11

Proteins

- Builds and repairs muscle.
- 15 of an athletes diet.
- More of it used after an event to aid recovery.
- Sprinters require protein, anaerobic.

12

Water

- Helps to maintain hydration levels.
- Prevents dehydration
- Drinking too much water causes hypernatremia which can be fatal as salt and sodium levels can become too low.

13

Fibre

- Is indigestible and helps avoid constipation.
- Aids healthy digestion.
- Helps maintain body weight.

14

Minerals

- Help to break down energy from food.
- Required to help intensive training and competition.
- Calcium strengthens bones.
- Iodine is needed for energy production.
- Iron prevents fatigue.

15

Vitamins

Required to help the body function and aid concentration.

16

Fats

- Too much saturated fat can cause heart disease.
- Unsaturated fats are beneficial to health.
- Source of slow releasing energy.
- 25% of an athlete's diet.
- For aerobic exercise.
- MICRONUTRIENT.