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P.E Richard Challoner > Diet > Flashcards

Flashcards in Diet Deck (23):
1

What are the requirements of a balanced diet

Macronutrients and micronutrients, fats, proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, water, fibre

2

Why are carbohydrates important?

They give us energy

3

What are examples of carbohydrates

Bananas, brown rice, wholemeal bread, wholemeal pasta, nuts, potatoes, fruit and vegetables, biscuits, chocolate

4

What are macronutrients?

Foods that are required in large amounts in your diet.

5

What percentage of our daily food intake should we be eating fats?

30%

6

Why are fats important?

Provide energy and help muscles to work

7

What are fats found in?

Butter, margarine, cooking oils, bacon, cheese, oily fish, and nuts

8

What are the 2 types of proteins?

Animal and plant protein

9

Why are proteins important?

Help build muscles and repair damaged tissue. Particularly important for strength athletes.

10

When should you have protein to stimulate muscle growth?

Straight after exercise

11

Why are minerals important?

Essential for healthy body. Two examples of minerals are iron and calcium

12

What groups do vitamins fall in to?

Water-soluble and fat-soluble

13

Name the vitamins

Vitamin A, B1, C,D,E

14

Name 3 other minerals other than calcium and iron?

Sodium - maintains blood pressure and balance of body fluids
Potassium - maintain function of heart and balance of body fluids
Zinc - promotes healing and cell growth

15

Why is it important for sportsmen to have lots of water?

During exercise the body sweats to control body temperature hence during sport we need a lot of water to replenish the sweat lost

16

What does fibre do?

Adds bulk to fold and aids the functioning of the digestive system

17

Where is fibre found?

Leaves, stems, roots, seeds, and fruit of plants. Fibre is reduced from fruits when peeled or processed

18

What are the two types of fibre

Soluble and insoluble

19

What are the factors that affect optimum weight?

Height, Bone structure, muscle girth, gender

20

How does gender affect optimum weight

Men will weigh more more as they have heavier bone density and bigger muscle girth

21

What is Dehydration

The loss of water and salts essential for normal body function

22

What does it mean to hydrate?

To take on water

23

What is the metabolic rate?

The rate at which metabolic processes take place; the rate at which the body uses up energy