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Flashcards in Differentials Deck (2)
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1

Chest pain emergency

Life-threatening causes

• Myocardial infarction

• (Tension) pneumothorax

• Acute coronary syndrome

• Pericardial effusion/cardiac tamponade

• Aortic dissection

• Pulmonary embolism

• Sickle-cell crisis

Common:
myocardial infarction
acute coronary syndromes
angina
pulmonary embolism
musculoskeletal
pneumonia
pneumothorax (tension or simple)
pericarditis
reflux and peptic ulcer disease

uncommon
aortic dissection, cardiac tamponade, sickle-cell crisis

2

Tachyarrhythmia emergency


Life-threatening causes

• Ventricular tachycardia (VT) or ventricular fibrillation (VF)

• Torsades de pointes

• Supraventricular tachycardia with haemody-namic compromise

• Fast atrial fibrilla-tion/flutter with haemodynamic compromise


• Sinus tachycardia
secondary to shock, including PE
iatrogenic (drugs)