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Flashcards in Diffusion Deck (19)
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Meyer et al. (1992)

Emulation plays a role in global expansion of Mass schooling


Ramirez et al. (1992)

Emulation in voting rights for women


Wotipka and Tsutsui (2008)

Emulation in ratification of human rights treaties


Koo and Ramirez (2009)

Emulation in establishment of national human rights institutions


Baccini and Koenig-Archibugi (2014)

Emulation in adoption of ILO standards


Jang (2000)

Emulation in creation of science and Education ministry


Frank (1999)

Emulation in commitments to implement environmental policies


Lee and Strang (2006)

found that countries learn from each other but that the learning process is heavily influenced by prior ‘theoretical’ expectations. Reductions in government employment by a trade partner or neighbour lead to reductions in the size of the public sector, whereas increases in government employment by the same partners or neighbours have negligible effects.


Henisz et al. (2005)

examined the impact of domestic and international factors on the adoption of four elements of market-oriented institutional reform in the telecommunications and electricity industries of 71 countries between 1977 and 1999, found that countries that compete with each other in the same product markets tend to adopt similar market-oriented infrastructure reforms.


Thatcher (2007)

found that regulatory competition was an important cause of the reform of French, German and Italian sectoral economic institutions in the areas of securities trading, telecommunications and airlines


Olney (2013)

finds that, in developed (OECD) economies, FDI from the U.S. increases when governments reduce employment protections (rules regarding firing workers and rules on hiring temporary workers), and that governments reduce employment protections in response to reductions by their most direct competitors for FDI


Davies and Vadlamannati (2013)

find evidence of a race to the bottom: a cut in labor standards in other countries reduces labor standards in the country in question. This competition effect affects both developed and developing countries, but it is strongest among developing countries with weak standards.


Stiles (1990)

While many people would regard “loan conditionality” as an instance of coercion, others object that even an intrusive IO such as the IMF can be seen as not reducing the options available to governments, but adding to the existing set of options another one (IMF financing plus conditions) that the government is “free” to choose or not


Torfason and Ingram (2010)

found that states that share IO membership with countries with higher levels of Polity scores tend to become more similar to their co-members in terms of levels of Polity scores


Jetschke and Murray (2012)

Adoption of EU-like design features by ASEAN


Alter (2012)

Global spread of European-style international courts


Ovodenko and Keohane (2012)

International environmental governance


Sommerer and Tallberg (2014)

Determine whether the increase in access is due to diffusion processes among IOs. The found significant evidence that IOs have increased their access in response to increases in access that occurred in other IOs. In other words, an important feature of IOs as polities, access for TNAs, has diffused across IOs.


Weyland (2012)

Not only the content of political decision, but also ways of doing politics can spread across borders. A notable example from history is the 1848 revolutions in Europe. The revolutionary wave started in France and quickly spread to the Netherlands, German states, the Austrian empire, Polish and Hungarian territories, Italian states, and elsewhere. The protest of 1968, the Occupy movement of 2011 and the “Arab spring” are more recent examples.