Flashcards in Digestive System to Male Reproductive System Deck (83)
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
severe heartburn, weakness of the valve between esophagus and stomach may allow stomach acid to back flow into esophagus and inflame lining
means yellowing of the skin or whites of eyes from a backup of bile metabolic by-products from the blood into body tissues
small pouches may form along the walls of the large intestine called diverticulitis. if it is symptomatic, causing pain.. it is called diverticulosis. The abnormal outpocketings may collect and not be able to empty fecal material which can lead to inflammation, diverticulitis
means orange-yellow and is a degenerative disease of the liver often develops in chronic alcoholics
potential complication of chronic alcoholism resulting in liver damage and obstruction of venous blood flow through the liver. the rising blood pressure in veins between gastrointestinal tract and liver causes engorgement of veins around the umbilicus (naval). causing a radiating pattern of veins called "caput Medusae"
bulging, engorged vains in the walls of the esophagus are often complication of chronic alcoholism. The thin-walled swollen veins are at risk of tearing resulting in severe, possibly fatal, bleeding.
chronic inflammatory disease primarily of the bowl could cause abdominal pain, weight loss, diarrhea. rectal bleeding may lead to anemia
inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity which causes tender abdomen, board-like rigidity of abdominal muscles, no bowel sounds (gurgles)
physician specializing in digestive system inc duding esophagus, stomach and intestines
physician specializing in diseases of rectum and anus
chemical test to identify blood in the stool
Upper GI series
x-rays of the esophagus and stomach and small intestines having the patient swallow a "milkshake" of barium. The element barium is opaque ; blocks x-rays. Procedure used to identify problems with swallowing, stomach ulcers, twisting of the small intestines
Lower GI series
series of x-rays using a barium enema to show the large intestine and rectum.
used to identify problems such as diverticulitis and tumors
flexible fiberoptic instrument attached to a video camera that can be used to directly visualize esophagus, stomach and large bowl. Ex: colonoscopy
procedure using high frequency sound waves to visualize internal organs. Used to visualize abdominal and pelvic organs such as pregnant uterus.
larynx "voice box"