Digestive System to Male Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

Critical Thinking - Medical Terminology > Digestive System to Male Reproductive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Digestive System to Male Reproductive System Deck (83)
Loading flashcards...
1

hepat/o

liver

2

chol/e

gall, bile

3

cyst/o

bladder, sac

4

emes/o

vomit

5

lith/o

stone

6

lapar/o

abdominal wall

7

-centesis

to puncture

8

-tripsy

to crush

9

-rrhea

flow, discharge

10

-iasis (-osis)

abnormal condition

11

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

severe heartburn, weakness of the valve between esophagus and stomach may allow stomach acid to back flow into esophagus and inflame lining

12

Jaundice

means yellowing of the skin or whites of eyes from a backup of bile metabolic by-products from the blood into body tissues

13

Diverticulosis/diverticulitis

small pouches may form along the walls of the large intestine called diverticulitis. if it is symptomatic, causing pain.. it is called diverticulosis. The abnormal outpocketings may collect and not be able to empty fecal material which can lead to inflammation, diverticulitis

14

Cirrhosis

means orange-yellow and is a degenerative disease of the liver often develops in chronic alcoholics

15

Portal hypertension

potential complication of chronic alcoholism resulting in liver damage and obstruction of venous blood flow through the liver. the rising blood pressure in veins between gastrointestinal tract and liver causes engorgement of veins around the umbilicus (naval). causing a radiating pattern of veins called "caput Medusae"

16

Esophageal varices

bulging, engorged vains in the walls of the esophagus are often complication of chronic alcoholism. The thin-walled swollen veins are at risk of tearing resulting in severe, possibly fatal, bleeding.

17

Dysphagia

difficulty swallowing

18

Crohns Disease

chronic inflammatory disease primarily of the bowl could cause abdominal pain, weight loss, diarrhea. rectal bleeding may lead to anemia

19

Peritonitis

inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity which causes tender abdomen, board-like rigidity of abdominal muscles, no bowel sounds (gurgles)

20

Gastroenterologist

physician specializing in digestive system inc duding esophagus, stomach and intestines

21

Proctologist

physician specializing in diseases of rectum and anus

22

Guaiac test

chemical test to identify blood in the stool

23

Upper GI series

x-rays of the esophagus and stomach and small intestines having the patient swallow a "milkshake" of barium. The element barium is opaque ; blocks x-rays. Procedure used to identify problems with swallowing, stomach ulcers, twisting of the small intestines

24

Lower GI series

series of x-rays using a barium enema to show the large intestine and rectum.
used to identify problems such as diverticulitis and tumors

25

Endoscopy

flexible fiberoptic instrument attached to a video camera that can be used to directly visualize esophagus, stomach and large bowl. Ex: colonoscopy

26

Ultrasonography (ultrasound)

procedure using high frequency sound waves to visualize internal organs. Used to visualize abdominal and pelvic organs such as pregnant uterus.

27

rhino

nose

28

laryng/o

larynx "voice box"

29

trache/o

trachea "windpipe"

30

bronch/o

lung air passageways