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MS3 - Emergency Care > Disaster > Flashcards

Flashcards in Disaster Deck (10)
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1
Q

What’s the difference between a disaster and a multiple casualty incident?

A

A disaster is some incident that affects many people. A multiple casualty incident is when a disaster cannot be managed by the supportive network.

2
Q

What is the difference between an EMT and a paramedic?

A

Paramedics can intubate patients and administer medications, while EMTs can only bag ventilate patients and give medications that are already prescribed.

3
Q

What does an On Scene Medical Commander do?

A

They delegate responsibilities and triage patients.

4
Q

Patients in disaster situations are triaged by ___________________.

A

color:
•Green: very minor injuries, “walking wounded”
•Yellow: injury that can go untreated for hours without being life-threatening
•Red: life-threatening injury that requires immediate intervention
•Black: multiple life-threatening wounds that are likely to lead to death regardless of the amount of resources given

5
Q

Joe brought up an interesting case of the downstream effects of going outside your scope: _____________________.

A

in the Aurora theater shooting, police brought patients to hospitals at CU; in some cases, patients who should have been listed as blacks were taken to the OR and used resources that should have been offered to yellows and reds

6
Q

True or false: in disaster situations, BP is not measured.

A

True. Disaster triage is meant to be 15-20 seconds long.

7
Q

How many registered hospitals are there in the U.S.?

A

5,815

8
Q

What are the three levels of disasters?

A
  • Level 1: local
  • Level 2: regional
  • Level 3: national/federal
9
Q

What are some key features of disaster preparedness plans?

A
  • Flexibility
  • Must be aligned with normal daily operations
  • Coordinated with adjacent communities
  • Input from EMS, police, fire
  • Media liaison
10
Q

What is the distinction between a level I and a level II trauma center?

A

Level I trauma centers must be research centers and have surgical residencies.