Flashcards in Discourse Deck (13):
What is seen as one of the first ways children engage in discourse and turn-taking?
Children cover their eyes and wait for someone to speak before revealing themselves. There is no need for them to speak but as they get older and their skills develop they will contribute words and engage more.
How do children quickly become familiar with question and answer adjacency pairs?
What is the IRF structure?
Initiation, response, feedback.
Who suggested the IRF structure?
Sinclair and Coulthard.
What did M.A.K Halliday do?
Identified seven functions that might be served when a child uses language. He suggested that by having an intended outcome or motivation for using language, a child will be motivated further to use language.
What are the 7 functions?
What is instrumental?
Where the child is trying to fulfil a need (e.g. asking for a drink)
What is regulatory?
Used to control the behaviour of someone (e.g. telling a caregiver where to sit)
What is interactional?
Used to develop relationships with others (e.g. telling a sibling you love them)
What is personal?
Used to express views and preferences
What is heuristic?
Used to explore the world around them
What is imaginative?
Used to explore something creatively or during play