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Flashcards in diseases and syndromes Deck (13):

when can huntington's disease develop?

at any age, but usually between 35 and 55


How do you get huntington's disease?

it is inherited


what does huntington's affect?

muscle coordination, mental decline, and behavioural changes.


what are the early signs of huntington's?

mood swings, irritability, altered behaviour and fidgety movements. they're hardly noticeable and often mistaken for other conditions.


what are the middle signs of huntington's?

psychiatric problems, problems with feeding, communicating and erratic behaviour.


what are the later symptoms of huntington's?

movement, behaviour and cognitive ability are affected. they are dependent on care from others.


who can get Klinefelter syndrome?

infant boys


how do you get klinefelter syndrome?

after a baby boy is conceived an extra X chromosome is acquired. it is not inherited.


signs that a child has klinefelter syndrome?

slow at reaching milestones, born with undescended testicles, poor muscle power, delayed communication and difficulty socialising and expressing feelings.


what are other things that are experienced with klinefelter syndrome?

low attention span,
difficulty with literacy,
low energy levels,
extra growth spurts,
small testes and penis,
low testosterone levels leading to flabby body,
low muscle tone
less calcium in bones
no facial or body hair
difficulties with sex drive and fertility


how you you get brittle bones disease?

it can be inherited or developed due to a genetic mutation


what happens when you have brittle bones disease?

there are high risks of breaking or fracturing bones


how do you help brittle bone disease

children can be helped through physiotherapy, assistive equipment or drug treatment.