Flashcards in Human lifespan development Deck (47):
what are fine motor skills
the small muscles in your body, for example fingers and toes
what are gross motor skills
the large muscles in your body, for example legs and arms
what hormones do women have
progesterone and oeastrogen
what hormones do men have
what are the ten changes that happen to girls during puberty
1. breasts form
2. menstruation begins
3. hair grows (armpit and pubic)
4. growth spurt
5. weight gain
6. mood swings
9. vaginal development (lengthening of vag)
what 8 things happen to boys during puberty
1. hair growth (facial and pubic)
2. testicles grow
3. penis lengthens
4. sweat more
5. wet dreams and erections
6. voice breaks and deepens
8. growth spurt
what 4 mood changes occur during puberty
1. mood swings
2. low self esteem
what are the three main milestones for infants
2. sitting up
what is the age range of birth to infancy?
what’s the age range of early childhood
3-8 yrs old
what’s the age range of adolescents
9-18 yrs old
what’s the age range of early adulthood
what’s the age range of middle adulthood?
what’s the age range of later adulthood?
what are the key features of “birth and infancy”?
infants grow rapidly
at one ur infants can walk
by two yrs they can run
that key features happen during “early childhood”?
children continue to grow
they develop strength and coordination
what are the key features that develop in adolescence
experience growth spurts and develop sexual characteristics during puberty
key features that develop during “early adulthood”?
young adults reach peak physical fitness
key features that develop during “middle adulthood”?
ageing process begins with loss of strength and stamina. women go through menopause
key features that develop during “later adulthood”?
ageing process continues with loss of mobility and loss of height
definition of growth
is an increase in a measurable quantity such as height or weight
definition of development
is about the complex changes in skills and capabilities that an individual experience.
gross and fine motor skills of newborns
fine: thumbs tucked into hands
gross and fine motor skills of 1 month olds
gross: lifts chin. some control of head
fine: opens hands
gross and fine motor skills of 6 months old
gross: roll over, sit up, kick legs
fine: pick up and drop toys
gross and fine motor skills of 9-10 months
gross and fine motor skills of 12-13 months
fine: play with toys
gross and fine motor skills of 18 months
fine: build towers with blocks
gross and fine motor skills of 2 yrs
gross: push a bike with their feet and throw balls
fine: draw lines and turn pages
gross and fine motor skills of 2.5 yrs
gross: jump, kick balls
fine: use spoon and fork
at what age do girls start puberty?
11-13 yrs old
at what age do boys start puberty?
13-15 yrs old
what happens to the hormones in a girl when they start puberty?
the ovaries start producing progesterone and oestrogen
what happens to the hormones in a boy when they start puberty?
the testes start to produce testosterone
what are symptoms of perimenopause?
- hot flushes
- breast tenderness
- lower sex drive
- irregular or very heavy periods
- vaginal dryness
- mood swings
- sleep irritation
- weak bladder
symptoms of menopause
- ending of mensuration
- increase in production of gonadotropin that try to stimulate egg production which can cause irritability, hot flushes and night sweats
- reduction of progesterone and oestrogen
what hormone is produced during menopause
what psychological affects does menopause have on women?
- mood changes
- low self esteem
in what order to infants develop their gross motor skills
from the head down
examples of a child using gross motor skills
playing catch, riding a bike, climbing frames
examples of a child using fine motor skills
holding a small toy, feeding self with spoon, building blocks, writing.
at what age can an infant stand by itself
at what age can a baby walk by itself
at what age can a child run confidently
at what age can a baby throw toys
at what age can a baby hold a pencil and "draw"