Human lifespan development Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Human lifespan development Deck (47):
1

what are fine motor skills

the small muscles in your body, for example fingers and toes

2

what are gross motor skills

the large muscles in your body, for example legs and arms

3

what hormones do women have

progesterone and oeastrogen

4

what hormones do men have

testosterone

5

what are the ten changes that happen to girls during puberty

1. breasts form
2. menstruation begins
3. hair grows (armpit and pubic)
4. growth spurt
5. weight gain
6. mood swings
7. acne
9. vaginal development (lengthening of vag)
10. sweating

6

what 8 things happen to boys during puberty

1. hair growth (facial and pubic)
2. testicles grow
3. penis lengthens
4. sweat more
5. wet dreams and erections
6. voice breaks and deepens
7. acne
8. growth spurt

7

what 4 mood changes occur during puberty

1. mood swings
2. low self esteem
3. aggression
4. depression

8

what are the three main milestones for infants

1. cruising
2. sitting up
3. walking

9

what is the age range of birth to infancy?

0-2

10

what’s the age range of early childhood

3-8 yrs old

11

what’s the age range of adolescents

9-18 yrs old

12

what’s the age range of early adulthood

19-45

13

what’s the age range of middle adulthood?

46-65

14

what’s the age range of later adulthood?

65- onwards

15

what are the key features of “birth and infancy”?

infants grow rapidly
at one ur infants can walk
by two yrs they can run

16

that key features happen during “early childhood”?

children continue to grow
they develop strength and coordination

17

what are the key features that develop in adolescence

experience growth spurts and develop sexual characteristics during puberty

18

key features that develop during “early adulthood”?

young adults reach peak physical fitness

19

key features that develop during “middle adulthood”?

ageing process begins with loss of strength and stamina. women go through menopause

20

key features that develop during “later adulthood”?

ageing process continues with loss of mobility and loss of height

21

definition of growth

is an increase in a measurable quantity such as height or weight

22

definition of development

is about the complex changes in skills and capabilities that an individual experience.

23

gross and fine motor skills of newborns

gross: grasp
fine: thumbs tucked into hands

24

gross and fine motor skills of 1 month olds

gross: lifts chin. some control of head
fine: opens hands

25

gross and fine motor skills of 6 months old

gross: roll over, sit up, kick legs
fine: pick up and drop toys

26

gross and fine motor skills of 9-10 months

gross: cruise
fine: grab

27

gross and fine motor skills of 12-13 months

gross: stand
fine: play with toys

28

gross and fine motor skills of 18 months

gross: climb
fine: build towers with blocks

29

gross and fine motor skills of 2 yrs

gross: push a bike with their feet and throw balls
fine: draw lines and turn pages

30

gross and fine motor skills of 2.5 yrs

gross: jump, kick balls
fine: use spoon and fork

31

at what age do girls start puberty?

11-13 yrs old

32

at what age do boys start puberty?

13-15 yrs old

33

what happens to the hormones in a girl when they start puberty?

the ovaries start producing progesterone and oestrogen

34

what happens to the hormones in a boy when they start puberty?

the testes start to produce testosterone

35

what are symptoms of perimenopause?

- hot flushes
- breast tenderness
- lower sex drive
- fatigue
- irregular or very heavy periods
- vaginal dryness
- mood swings
- sleep irritation
- weak bladder

36

symptoms of menopause

- ending of mensuration
- increase in production of gonadotropin that try to stimulate egg production which can cause irritability, hot flushes and night sweats
- reduction of progesterone and oestrogen

37

what hormone is produced during menopause

gonadotropin

38

what psychological affects does menopause have on women?

- mood changes
- depression
- anxiety
- low self esteem

39

in what order to infants develop their gross motor skills

from the head down

40

examples of a child using gross motor skills

playing catch, riding a bike, climbing frames

41

examples of a child using fine motor skills

holding a small toy, feeding self with spoon, building blocks, writing.

42

at what age can an infant stand by itself

9 months

43

at what age can a baby walk by itself

15 months

44

at what age can a child run confidently

18 months

45

at what age can a baby throw toys

12 months

46

at what age can a baby hold a pencil and "draw"

18 months

47

at what age can a baby eat with a spoon and make a tower of 6 blocks

2 years