Diseases & Famine in Medieval Europe Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Diseases & Famine in Medieval Europe Deck (12)
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1

What are some differences between the Ancient Mediterranean and the Medieval Period?

A.M.
-long-distance trade & military campaigns
-urban centres with advanced sanitation
-sophisticated political systems
M.P.
-more rural and agricultural
-highly fragmented political authority
-poor sanitation & literacy

2

Describe some of the baseline (endemic) conditions of the Medieval Period.

Endemic respiratory, gastrointestinal & childhood pathogens with a mortality rate of 3%

3

What disease is caused by a vitamin D deficiency and causes the weakening of bones?

Rickets

4

What is scurvy?

Deficiency in vitamin C which leads to tissues breaking apart

5

What is erotism?

Spoiled rye caused by the ergot fungus

6

What cattle plague crossed Europe in 1314-1325?

The Great Bovine Pestilence

7

What was the possible cause of the Great Bovine Pestilence?

Rinderpest- related to dog distemper and human measles

8

What is the term used to describe a widespread disease in sheep populations?

Sheep Murrain

9

How are the Great Bovine Pestilence and the Great Famine connected?

Epizootics cause agriculture crises for the human population

10

What famine that extended across all of northern and eastern Europe in 1315-1322?

The Great Famine

11

Describe the Medieval Warm Period and its following successive events.

Medieval Warm Period was an increase in temperature for many years that contributed to the spread of agriculture in the form of a longer growing period. It was followed by heavy rains and crops failed for 20 years. Thousands of acres were abandoned or sold off and prices skyrocketed which led to the Great Famine and starvation.

12

What is an enteric illness?

An intestinal illness