Flashcards in Diversity and Classification - Classification of Organisms Deck (13)
What does Classification involve?
Grouping related organisms together to make them easier to study
What is Phylogeny?
The study of the evolutionary history of groups of organisms
What is shown on a phylogenetic tree?
Organisms that have evolved from shared common ancestors
What is Taxonomy?
The science of classification
What does taxonomy involve?
Naming organisms and organizing them into groups
What are organisms grouped according to?
Their evolutionary relationships
How many levels of taxa are there?
How are the taxa arranged?
In a hierarchy - Largest at the top, smallest at the bottom
List the taxa in order.
What is a Species?
A group of similar organisms able to reproduce to give fertile offspring
What is the nomenclature used for classification?
What language is the Binomial System in?