Diversity and Classification - Classification of Organisms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Diversity and Classification - Classification of Organisms Deck (13)
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1

What does Classification involve?

Grouping related organisms together to make them easier to study

2

What is Phylogeny?

The study of the evolutionary history of groups of organisms

3

What is shown on a phylogenetic tree?

Organisms that have evolved from shared common ancestors

4

What is Taxonomy?

The science of classification

5

What does taxonomy involve?

Naming organisms and organizing them into groups

6

What are organisms grouped according to?

Their evolutionary relationships

7

How many levels of taxa are there?

8

8

How are the taxa arranged?

In a hierarchy - Largest at the top, smallest at the bottom

9

List the taxa in order.

Domain
Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Order
Family
Genus
Species

10

What is a Species?

A group of similar organisms able to reproduce to give fertile offspring

11

What is the nomenclature used for classification?

Binomial System

12

What language is the Binomial System in?

Latin

13

What are the 2 parts of the Binomial System?

1. Genus

2. Species