Do we really know ourselves? Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Do we really know ourselves? Deck (18)
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1
Q

What did Roy F.Baumeister (1999) say about what people find the most interesting?

A

Find ourselves the most interesting

  • things we are interested in
  • things we enjoy
2
Q

What is the Selfie Syndrome?

A

People report other people being happier when they look at their selfies compared to others

3
Q

How does Roy F.Baumeister explain the selfie syndrome?

A
  • a way of projecting into the social world

- in an attempt to define themselves as they collect info about themselves

4
Q

What evidence is there of Narcism?

A
  • Robert Lane (2000) individual success
  • Robert Frank - Luxury Fever
  • Tewnge et al (2008) Narcissistic Personality inventory
  • Twenge + Campbelle’s Plastic surgery
5
Q

What does Jeffery Jensen Artnett (2010) argue about the increased focus on the individual?

A
  • not a sign of narcissism

- instead just exploring/ experimenting all the different identities people can have

6
Q

What are some reasons for why people think we are so focused on ourselves?

A
  1. Savirsky + Golovich Spotlight effect
  2. The self-reference effect
    - Kuiper 1981 relevant info
    - Kahan + Johnson 1992 other people’s description
  3. Mor et al 2010 women more assertive?
  4. DeWell et al 2011 more personal pronouns
7
Q

What causes an illusion of transparency?

A

Savrisky + Golovich

  • thinking people notice you more than the truth
  • T-shirt 50% vs 23%
8
Q

What have Savrisky + Golovich applied the spotlight effect on?

A

Anxiety during presentations

- 68% thought they would be more nervous vs rating given by audience

9
Q

What may be a good way to decrease the anxiety level when giving presentation according to Savrisky + Golovich’s findings?

A

Tell them about the illusion of transparency (Spotlight effect)
- found to decrease anxiety

10
Q

What did Kuiper (1981) + Kahan + Johnson (1992) find, giving a reason for why we are so focused on ourselves?

A
  1. Kuiper (1981) - the more relevant the info is to yourself, the more likely you will remember it.
  2. Kahan + Johnson (1992) - people are more likely to remember how other people described them
11
Q

What did Mor et al (2010) find, giving an explanation for why we are so focused on ourselves?

A
  • when asking what people thought about throughout the day…
  • 42% vs 32% females think about themselves
  • higher in women due to them potentially being more assertive??
12
Q

What did DeWell et al (2011) find, giving an explanation for why we are so focused on ourselves?

A
  • lyrics now have greater emphasis on single personal pronouns
  • thus encouraging people to think about themselves more
13
Q

We seem to be pretty obsessed about ourselves but how well do we really know ourselves?

A
  1. Nisbett + Schacter 1966 electric shock + placebo pill
  2. Stones et al 1985 moods
  3. MacDonals + Ross 1997 inaccurate length of couples
14
Q

What did Nisbett + Schacter 1966 find, suggesting we don’t really know ourselves?

A
  • gave ppt placebo tablet saying it will produce the symptoms of when an electric shock is given
    (increased heart rate)
  • those who took drug = withstood 4x greater electric shocks
  • believed what they were withstanding to be result of drug
  • did not mention drug when asked why they withstood so long
  • just ‘took it’
15
Q

What evidence is there to suggest we are strangers to ourselves?

A
  1. Berm + McConnell 1970 Essay writing from difference POV
  2. Latane + Darley 1970 Bystander apathy
  3. Nisbett + Wilson Shopping and the right side
  4. Woodzicka + LaFrance 2001 Interviewers being rude
  5. Sieff et al 1999 HIV results
16
Q

How good do we seem to be at reflecting?

A

Not very.

  1. Wilson 2002 length of relationship - gut feelings vs lists of reasons
  2. Wilson + Gilbert 2005 loss of dominant hand - physical hand vs counteractions
17
Q

Where do we think our self-concept is stored in the brain and why?

A

Medial PFC

  • becomes active when asked to think about….
    1. Self (Zimmer, 2005)
    2. Personality traits (Kjaer et al, 2002)
    3. ppl similar to us (Ochsner et al, 2005)
18
Q

What does Kennet Gergen say about the Medial PFC?

A
  • our self-concept cannot be in just one place
  • need to have a web of social relationships
  • knowledge of other people and what they think

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