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Flashcards in DOCs Deck (54):
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AFib

Amiodarone (Cordarone)

1

AFib with HF or low EF

Dofetilide (Tikosyn)

2

Atrial flutter

Ibutilide (Corvert)
(But usually just get zapped)

3

Abolishing SVT

Adenosine (Adenocard)

4

Digoxin-reduced arrhythmias

Magnesium sulfate

5

Ventricular arrhythmias, particularly those with "sick hearts" with arrhythmias like post MI

Lidocaine (Xylocaine)

6

First line Rx for HTN

Diuretics

7

First line drug post MI for HTN

ACE Inhibitors

8

HTN complicated by renal disease

Clonidine (Catapres, Duraclon)

9

Coronary spasms or air in the coronaries

Nitroglycerine (Nitrobid, Nitrek)

10

CPB termination

Nitroglycerine and Nitroprusside

11

Edema in emergency situations (pulmonary edema from decompensated CHF)

Loop diuretics

12

2nd line treatment for edema of heart failure

Thiazide diuretics

13

Diuretic of choice for liver failure with edema

Spironolactone (Aldactone)

14

Variant angina

Nifedipine (Procardia)

15

Many supraventricular tachyarrhythmias, such as SVT

Verapamil (Calan, Isoptin)

16

Prevent radial artery spasms during harvest and postoperatively to maintain graft patency

Diltiazem (Cardizem)

17

Exercise induced angina

Beta blockers (particularly B1 blockers)

18

Cardiac arrest

Epinephrine (Adrenaline)

19

Short term HF patients (patients struggling to come off bypass)

Bipyradines
Inamrinone (Inocor)
Milrinone (Primacor)

20

All stages of HF, particularly those with low EF

ACE inhibitors

21

Venous dilators for acute CHF episodes

Nitrates

22

PVC

Lidocaine (Xylocaine)

23

Patients resistant to Lidocaine and/or Mexilitine

Tocainide (Tonocard)

24

Refractory ventricular arrhythmias

Flecainide (Tambocor)

25

Supraventricular tachycardias

Propafenone (Rhythmol)

26

Atrial tachyarrhythmias (AV nodal reentrant most common)

Beta blockers

27

Post MI ventricular arrhythmias

Beta blockers

28

Ideal drug for post MI patients

Sotalol (Betapace, Sorine)

29

Control ventricular response rates in AFib and atrial flutter

Digoxin

30

Hypochromic, microcytic anemia

Iron

31

Megaloblastic anemia

Vitamin B9 (Folic acid)

32

Pernicious anemia

Vitamin B12 (Trim Cyanocobalamin)

33

Anemia in Jehovah's Witness

Darbepotin (Aranesp)

34

Preventing painful acute crisis associated with sickling claudication

Hydroxyurea (Hydria, Droxia)

35

Preventing HIT

Porcine intestinal derived Heparin

36

Elimination of risk of HIT Type II

Fondaparinux (Arixtra)

37

Prevention of pulmonary edema, use on destination VADs and artificial valves (except on pregnant women), AFib patients, and orthopedic surgery

Warfarin (Coumadin)

38

Therapy for HIT and/or alternative anticoagulant to Heparin in patients with HIT

Lepirudan (Refludan)

39

Used during PCTAs to prevent platelet activation and as an anticoagulant for patients wit HIT

Bivalirudin (Angiomax)

40

Anticoagulant used with renal failure

Argatroban (Argatroban)

41

Anticoagulant used with liver failure

Bivalirudin (Angiomax)

42

Prevention of TIAs and strokes

Ticlopidine (Ticlid)

43

Prevent thrombus post stent placement

Aspirin with Ticlopidine

44

Used extensively in ACS and cath labs

Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors

45

Anticoagulation post prosthetic heart valve implantation

Dipyradimole (Persantine) with either warfarin or aspirin

46

Pulmonary emboli, DVTs, aMI, and thrombosed shunts

Streptokinase (Streptase)

47

Acquired or congenital ATIII deficiency

ATIII

48

Quickly reverse warfarin in a hemorrhagic emergency

15ml/kg FFP

49

Significantly reduce post bypass hemorrhage in patients with previous fibrinolytic therapy

Aminocaproic acid and tranexamic acid

50

Dramatically reduces post op bleeding particularly in Jehovah's Witness, redox, post fibrinolytic therapy

Aprotinin (Transylol)

51

Hemophilia A and Von Willebrands disease

Desmopressin (DDAVP)

52

Bleeding, immediate warfarin reversal, ATIII deficiency, high volume of PRBC, colloidal volume replacement

FFP

53

Factor I, Factor VIII, and vWF replacement

Cryoprecipitate