Domestic Violence Flashcards Preview

Medicine II > Domestic Violence > Flashcards

Flashcards in Domestic Violence Deck (38):
1

Intimate partner violence is also called

domestic violence, abuse, battering, dating violence (children + roommates are also included )

2

intimate partner violence

pattern of coercive control involving physical, sexual, psychological, cultural, and or economic abuse

3

IPV occurs in

current or former intimate relationship

4

abuse

power/control + fear

5

abuse

-attempting to cause physical harm
-causing physical harm
-placing another in fear of imminent physical harm (threats, verbal abuse etc)
-sexual assault
-economic and emotional abuse

6

sociological definition

one person systematically abusing another to gain power and control in a relationship

7

who can be a victim?

-anyone can be a victim and anyone can be a perpetrator, regardless of age, race, sex, income, educational level, gender, ability, and sexual orientation

8

statistics of adult women who have been physically or sexually abused by a husband or boyfriend at some point in her life

1 in 3 women

9

how many gay and lesbian women have experienced domestic violence?

1 in 4

10

while men can be victims of abuse,

women are more likely to be assaulted and killed by an intimate partner, and they sustain far more frequent and far more serious injuries than men who have been assaulted by a woman

11

how many people aged 18 and older in the United States have been the victim of severe physical violence by an intimate partner in their lifetime

1 in 4 women (22.3 %)
1 in 7 men (14 %)

12

status of people injured as a result of IPV that included contact sexual violence, physical violence, or stalking by an intimate partner in their lifetime

14% of women (13.4 %) and 3.54% of men

13

intimate partner violence is NOT

-loss of control or uncontrolled anger
-the victim's fault
-an isolated incident or accident
-caused by substance use or mental illness
-limited to certain cultural, races, or classes
-pre-destined or unavoidable

14

Why is intimate partner violence a public health issue?

-prevalence
-leading cause of injury and death, associated with numerous negative health conditions
-incurs significant cost to society, affecting individuals, families , and the community
-it is preventable

15

some groups are at higher risk bc

have less access to help due to language, cultural , economic, physical an dother barriesr

16

is IPV preventable?

yes

17

IPV dental health issue

-68-94% of injuries from family violence are visible in the head, face and neck region
-Abuse impacts oral health in many ways

18

Oral health and overall health and well-being are

inseparable

19

Dental professionals are legally and ethically required to respond to and/or report

abuse of vulnerable patients

20

oral effects of IPV

-􏰀 Injuries to the teeth, soft tissue, jaw, face, head, neck 􏰀 Difficulty eating
-􏰀 Dependency on pain medication
-􏰀 Non-compliance, neglect of oral hygiene
􏰀 -Dental fear resulting from trauma

21

non fatal health effects of IPV

-physical injury, disability
-chronic conditions
-mental illness
-reproductive health problems
- negative/ harmful health behaviors

22

􏰀FATAL health effects of IPV

Homicide Suicide
Maternal and Infant Mortality
Any death resulting from issues at left

23

physical abuse/violence

hitting, punching, grabbing, showing a weapon to cause someone fear; overt or threatened: against victim or others

24

cultural abuse/violence

prohibiting someone from practicing religion
- racial slurs, prohibiting someone from practicing their cultural traditions, immigratoin status

25

cultural abuse/violence example

"go ahead and call the police, they won't understand you because they won't understand you because you can't speak the language"

26

emotional/verbal types of abuse/violence

-coerced sex, rape, forced prostitution

27

VAWA

allows people who are undocumented systems
-they can petition for a temporary visa

28

financial types of abuse/violence

interference with work / school; ruined credit

29

mental abuse

not allowing people to visit their friends/family

30

economical abuse

one person controlling how all the money is spent

31

emotional abuse

neglect

32

multidisciplinary response

-DV/SA programs
-police
- courts
- faith community
-other community response
-health care

33

dental provider's role

-educate yourself about IPV and local resources
- inquire about abuse as part of the dental exam
-respond in a sensitive way when violence is disclosed
-learn techniques to lessen the neg impact of the visit on patients with a history of trauma
-refrain from judgement or telling clients what to do
-advocate for laws and policies that empower victims and hold batterers accountable
-collaborate with trauma and IPV experts

34

why might victims stay?

-financial or physical dependence on abuser
-loss of benefits or immigration status for self or children
-love, hope, confusion, shame, believe abuse is their fault
-unaware of legal rights, fear that protection will be inadqequate
-fear of retaliation by abuser (separation violence)
- fears + barriers related to racism, homophobia
-co-occurring addictions or mental illness, trapped in cycle

35

tension-building

criticism, yelling, swearing, using angry gestures, coercion, threats

36

abuse

physical and sexual attacks and threats

37

honeymoon

apologies, blaming, promises to change, gifts

38

warning signs of abusive behavior

-entitled
-self-centered
-controlling
-extreme jealousy
-possessiveness
-blaming others
-unrealistic expectations
-isolation
-blaming others for feelings
-cruelty to animals/children
-using sex as a way of power and control
-mood swings
-past relationship violence
-breaking or striking objects
-using force in arguments
-depression
-suicidal thoughts
-eating disorders
-bruises/cuts
-choke marks
-unreasonable clothing
-drug + alcohol abuse
-mental/dental problems
-abseces/tardiness (appointments, work, school)
-low self- esteem
-isolation
-obsessive compulsvie behavior
-fear of partner
-personality change