Flashcards in Driving Deck (36):
Apparatus shall be driven with particular emphasis placed on?
Are members exempt from civil liability for an accident that occurs on duty?
What is caused by heat due to excessive breaking where the brake pads begin to melt?
What is brake lag?
The time it takes for the air to reach the brakes after pressing the break pedal. Usually between 1/4-1 seconds.
What percentage of safe driving is attitude?
What are the 3 basic cat agonies of safe driving?
2) Safe vehicle
3) Good physical condition of the driver
What percentage of accidents are caused by an emotional disturbance?
What is the term for the time it takes you to sight a situation and then recognize the situation?
Perception time. Usually 3/4 second
What is the term for the time it takes a driver to identify a hazard and then react to it?
Reaction time. Usually 3/4 second
What are the 5 rules of the SMITH system?
1) Aim high in steering
2) Get the BIG picture
3) Keep your eyes moving
4) Leave yourself an out
5) Make sure they see you
What are the 3 factors determining "total stopping distance?"
1) Vehicle braking
2) Perception time
3) Reaction time
What is the general rule used for calculating following distances?
3 vehicle lengths for every 10mph
Use the 3 second rule.
When is "wheel lockup" more likely to occur?
When pumping the brakes. Especially disk brakes on slick roads.
What percentage of all fatal accidents occur at night?
At what lengths in front of and behind vehicles shall you dim high beam lights while driving?
500ft ahead of approaching vehicle
300ft behind a vehicle you're following
How much longer does it take to stop on a wet street vs a dry street?
Twice as long
How long do extremely slick conditions last on a road after it rains?
When backing, what is the "hazard zone" defined as?
The hazard zone is 15 feet behind and 3 feet to each side of the rear of the apparatus
What are most backing accidents a result of?
Bad communication or not following procedures
What is the proper hand placement while driving?
3 and 9
What is usually the cause of steering failure?
Engine failure in vehicles with power steering
What happens to your perception-reaction distance and your braking distance when you double your speed?
Perception- reaction distance is doubled
Braking distance is multiplied by 4
What is the number 1 rule in emergency driving?
Leave yourself an out
When driving around tall buildings, windy roads, brush, or blind intersections how much can the siren audibility be reduced?
Where do most accidents involving emergency apparatus occur?
When "aiming high" while driving, how far ahead should you look?
When driving, how often should you check your mirrors?
Every 5 seconds
What is the "core" of defensive driving?
Get the big picture
According to the driver training manual, the tillerman shall keep his eyes how far ahead of the truck?
1/2 block ahead
According to the smith system, the driver shall check his mirrors how often?
Every 5 seconds
According to book 8, idling wastes how many gallons of fuel per hour?
According to Book 8, apparatus shall not be turned off if engine temp is over what?
Which types of brakes are more susceptible to brake fade?
According to book 8, hydroplaning only requires how much water?
When driving on wet pavement, the total stopping distance is increased by what percent?