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Book 8 > Driving > Flashcards

Flashcards in Driving Deck (36):
1

Apparatus shall be driven with particular emphasis placed on?

Defensive driving

2

Are members exempt from civil liability for an accident that occurs on duty?

No

3

What is caused by heat due to excessive breaking where the brake pads begin to melt?

Break fade

4

What is brake lag?

The time it takes for the air to reach the brakes after pressing the break pedal. Usually between 1/4-1 seconds.

5

What percentage of safe driving is attitude?

60 percent

6

What are the 3 basic cat agonies of safe driving?

1) Attitude
2) Safe vehicle
3) Good physical condition of the driver

7

What percentage of accidents are caused by an emotional disturbance?

80-90 percent

8

What is the term for the time it takes you to sight a situation and then recognize the situation?

Perception time. Usually 3/4 second

9

What is the term for the time it takes a driver to identify a hazard and then react to it?

Reaction time. Usually 3/4 second

10

What are the 5 rules of the SMITH system?

1) Aim high in steering
2) Get the BIG picture
3) Keep your eyes moving
4) Leave yourself an out
5) Make sure they see you

11

What are the 3 factors determining "total stopping distance?"

1) Vehicle braking
2) Perception time
3) Reaction time

12

What is the general rule used for calculating following distances?

3 vehicle lengths for every 10mph
Or
Use the 3 second rule.

13

When is "wheel lockup" more likely to occur?

When pumping the brakes. Especially disk brakes on slick roads.

14

What percentage of all fatal accidents occur at night?

47 percent

15

At what lengths in front of and behind vehicles shall you dim high beam lights while driving?

500ft ahead of approaching vehicle
300ft behind a vehicle you're following

16

How much longer does it take to stop on a wet street vs a dry street?

Twice as long

17

How long do extremely slick conditions last on a road after it rains?

30-45 minutes

18

When backing, what is the "hazard zone" defined as?

The hazard zone is 15 feet behind and 3 feet to each side of the rear of the apparatus

19

What are most backing accidents a result of?

Bad communication or not following procedures

20

What is the proper hand placement while driving?

3 and 9

21

What is usually the cause of steering failure?

Engine failure in vehicles with power steering

22

What happens to your perception-reaction distance and your braking distance when you double your speed?

Perception- reaction distance is doubled
Braking distance is multiplied by 4

23

What is the number 1 rule in emergency driving?

Leave yourself an out

24

When driving around tall buildings, windy roads, brush, or blind intersections how much can the siren audibility be reduced?

2/3rds

25

Where do most accidents involving emergency apparatus occur?

Intersections

26

When "aiming high" while driving, how far ahead should you look?

5 seconds

27

When driving, how often should you check your mirrors?

Every 5 seconds

28

What is the "core" of defensive driving?

Get the big picture

29

According to the driver training manual, the tillerman shall keep his eyes how far ahead of the truck?

1/2 block ahead

30

According to the smith system, the driver shall check his mirrors how often?

Every 5 seconds

31

According to book 8, idling wastes how many gallons of fuel per hour?

1/2 gallon

32

According to Book 8, apparatus shall not be turned off if engine temp is over what?

195 degrees

33

Which types of brakes are more susceptible to brake fade?

Drum

34

According to book 8, hydroplaning only requires how much water?

1/5"

35

When driving on wet pavement, the total stopping distance is increased by what percent?

35-40%

36

Skidding is involved in what percent of accidents?

25%