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Flashcards in Drug Classes Deck (23):
1

A small group of catecholamines and noncatecholamines used in acute care settings for disorders associated with CV and respiratory systems, or overactivity of immune system. SNS activates and prepares the body for vigorous muscular activity, stress, and emergencies. Activate B1 and B2 receptors.

Adrenergics
Sympathomimetics
SNS stimulants
SNS agonist

2

Chemically diverse group of drugs that produce main pharmacological effects by inhibiting synthesis of prostaglandins. Chemically divided into salicylates, propionic acid derivatives, fenamates, indoles, oxicams.

Analgesics
Prostaglandin inhibitors
NSAIDs

3

Naturally occurring semisynthetic and synthetic opiate agonists and agonist-antagonists. Excellent analgesics; exhibit phenomenon of tolerance; have varying abuse/dependency potentials. Most are Schedule II or III drugs.

Opioid analgesics

4

Used to treat helminth (parasitic worm) infections.

Antihelmintics

5

Block effects of adrenergic and similar drugs at SNS receptors.

Antiadrenergics
Sympatholytics
SNS antagonists
alpha blockers
beta blockers

6

Organized into a class known as antiprotozoals.

Antiamebics

7

Iron supplements are used in medicine to treat iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia. 3 causes: dietary , increased requirements, increased loss.

Antianemics
hematinics

8

Effective in the treatment of angina.

Antianginals

9

Anxiolytic controlled substances that are chemical congeners of the original prototype drug chlordiazepoxide.

Antianxiety
Sedative-hypnotics

10

Used to treat cardiac arrhythmias.

Antiarrythmics

11

Semi-synthetic, broad-spectrum, water-soluble...

Antibiotics

12

Beta-lactam antibiotic; semisynthetic, water-soluble, broad spectrum, chemically related to penicillins, bactericidal against array of microbes...

Cephalosporins

13

Synthetic, broad-spectrum, bactericidal, antiinfective drugs, chemically divided into fluorinated and nonfluorinated.

Fluoroquinolones
Quinolones

14

Narrow-spectrum. Reversibly bind to 50S ribosome to inhibit translocation, blocking binding of messenger RNA to receptor site. Bacteriostatic; bactericidal in high doses.

Macrolides

15

Bactericidal, acid-stable, narrow spectrum. Cause cell-wall lysis.

1st generation penicillins

16

Bactericidal, acid-stable, penicillinase labile, "anti-staph"

2nd generation penicillins

17

Bactericidal, acid stable, penicillinase resistant. Used much like 1st & 2nd generations but in addition are effective for aerobic gram-negative bacilli.

3rd generation penicillins

18

Bactericidal, acid stable, penicillinase resistant. Parenteral. Greater acitivty against Pseudomonas while keeping activity similar to that of the 1st generation.

4th generation penicillins

19

Small group, broad spectrum, bacteriostatic drugs. Inhibits folic acid synthesis in susceptible organisms.

Sulfonamides

20

Broad-spectrum bacteriostatic antibiotics obtained semisynthetically or from natural Streptomyces spp. fermentation.

Tetracyclines

21

Large, diverse group of natural, semisynthetic and synthetic drugs that block effects of acetylcholine (ACh) at postganglionic parasympathetic muscarinic receptors.

Anticholinergics
Antimuscarinics
Parasympatholytics

22

Used to prevent clot extension and formation.

Anticoagulants

23

Alter ACh levels in the brain and thus delay symptom progression.

Antidementia drugs
Alzheimer's drugs
Antiparkinson drugs