Flashcards in Drug Classes Deck (23):
A small group of catecholamines and noncatecholamines used in acute care settings for disorders associated with CV and respiratory systems, or overactivity of immune system. SNS activates and prepares the body for vigorous muscular activity, stress, and emergencies. Activate B1 and B2 receptors.
Chemically diverse group of drugs that produce main pharmacological effects by inhibiting synthesis of prostaglandins. Chemically divided into salicylates, propionic acid derivatives, fenamates, indoles, oxicams.
Naturally occurring semisynthetic and synthetic opiate agonists and agonist-antagonists. Excellent analgesics; exhibit phenomenon of tolerance; have varying abuse/dependency potentials. Most are Schedule II or III drugs.
Used to treat helminth (parasitic worm) infections.
Block effects of adrenergic and similar drugs at SNS receptors.
Organized into a class known as antiprotozoals.
Iron supplements are used in medicine to treat iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia. 3 causes: dietary , increased requirements, increased loss.
Effective in the treatment of angina.
Anxiolytic controlled substances that are chemical congeners of the original prototype drug chlordiazepoxide.
Used to treat cardiac arrhythmias.
Semi-synthetic, broad-spectrum, water-soluble...
Beta-lactam antibiotic; semisynthetic, water-soluble, broad spectrum, chemically related to penicillins, bactericidal against array of microbes...
Synthetic, broad-spectrum, bactericidal, antiinfective drugs, chemically divided into fluorinated and nonfluorinated.
Narrow-spectrum. Reversibly bind to 50S ribosome to inhibit translocation, blocking binding of messenger RNA to receptor site. Bacteriostatic; bactericidal in high doses.
Bactericidal, acid-stable, narrow spectrum. Cause cell-wall lysis.
1st generation penicillins
Bactericidal, acid-stable, penicillinase labile, "anti-staph"
2nd generation penicillins
Bactericidal, acid stable, penicillinase resistant. Used much like 1st & 2nd generations but in addition are effective for aerobic gram-negative bacilli.
3rd generation penicillins
Bactericidal, acid stable, penicillinase resistant. Parenteral. Greater acitivty against Pseudomonas while keeping activity similar to that of the 1st generation.
4th generation penicillins
Small group, broad spectrum, bacteriostatic drugs. Inhibits folic acid synthesis in susceptible organisms.
Broad-spectrum bacteriostatic antibiotics obtained semisynthetically or from natural Streptomyces spp. fermentation.
Large, diverse group of natural, semisynthetic and synthetic drugs that block effects of acetylcholine (ACh) at postganglionic parasympathetic muscarinic receptors.
Used to prevent clot extension and formation.