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Flashcards in Drug Classifications Deck (19):
1

Analgesics

create a state in which the pain from a painful medical condition is reduced or not felt

2

3 types of Analgesics

Salicylates: mild to moderate pain, anti-inflammatory, anti-pyretic
Ex- Bayer
NSAIDS: more potent than salicylates, mild to moderate pain, anti-inflammatory, anti-pyretic
Ex-Advil
Opiate-type: severe pain, addicting
Ex- Morphine

3

Anesthetics

cause an absence of sensation or pain

4

Types of Anesthetics

Local: block pain conduction from local sites, no loss of consciousness
dental work, birth pain, sunburn, etc.
Ex- Novacaine
General: depress the CNS to the level of unconsciousness
surgical. Route: Inhalation or IV
Ex- Valium, Forane, Ultane, etc.

5

Anti-Infectives

treat disease produced by microorganisms such as baceria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, and parasitic worms

6

Types of Anti-Infectives

Antibiotics (Antimicrobials) - attack bacteria
Antivirals - inhibit replicaton of viruses
Antifungals - fungal cell is destroyed as drug prevents cell permeability and nutrition.

7

Antineoplastics

inhibit new growth of cancer cells or neoplasms (new and abnormal tissue growth,often referring to cancer cells)

8

Types of Antineoplastics

Antimetabolites
Alkylating Agents
Plant Alkaloids
Hormones
Anti-tumor Antibiotics
Radioactive Isotopes

9

Beta Blocker

Cardio Agent
"-olol" drugs
reduce the oxygen demands of the heart. treat high blood pressure or arrythmias

10

Calcium Channel Blockers

Cardio Agent
relax the heart by reducing heart conduction. Treat high blood pressure or arrythmias

11

Diuretics

Cardio Agent
Decrease blood pressure by decreasing blood volume by increasing urination

12

ACE inhibitors

Cardio Agent
"-pril" drugs
relax the blood vessels. Treat high blood pressure

13

Vasodilators

Cardio Agent
relax and expand the blood vessels

14

Antianginals

Cardio Agent
treat cardiac related chest pain (angina).
Beta-Blockers, Calcium Channel Blockers, & Nitrates

15

Antiarrhythmics

Cardio Agent
treat irregular heart rhythms
Beta blockers & drugs that block sodium, potassium ion, and calcium channels

16

Antihyperlipidemics

Cardio Agent
used to lower high levels of cholesterol
"-statins" somtimes

17

Antihypertensives

Cardio Agent
used to reduce a sustained elevaion in blood pressure
Beta-blockers, diuretics, ACE inhibitors, calcium channel blockers

18

Thrombolytics/Anticoagulants

Cardio Agent
Thrombolytics dissolve blood clots and Anticoagulants prevent their formation

19

Vasopressors

Cardio Agent
act to increase blood pressure
Used if in a state of shock due to decreased blood volume, inadequate cardiac output, or severe infection