Hormones Flashcards Preview

Pharm Tech > Hormones > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hormones Deck (19):
1

Human Growth hormone (hGH)

Made/Secreted: Anterior Pituitary
Target: many body cells
Action: Causes cells to grow, divide, & create new cells

2

Hypothalamus

Located in the brain below the thalamus."Master" if Pituitary Gland.
Has a role in: water balance, metabolism, body temp, appetite, emotions. [Link between the nervous and endocrine systems.]

3

Pineal Gland

Produces/Secretes Melatonin. Controls sleep patterns

4

Pituitary Gland

Pea-size gland located deep within the crainum at base of brain. "Master gland"- regulates activities of entire endocrine system.

5

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)

Made/Secreted: Anterior Pituitary
Target: Adrenal Gland
Action: Stimulate adrenal gland to produce its own set of hormones (glucocoritcoids & adrenocorticol)

6

Follicle Stimulating hormone (FSH)

Made/Secreted: Anterior Pituitary
Target: Ovaries/Testes
Action: produce gametes (sperm/eggs)

7

Luteinizing hormone (LH)

Made/secreted: Anterior Pituitary
Target: Ovaries/Testes
Action: influence development of gametes (sperm/eggs).
Promotes progesterone/testosterone production

8

Prolactin (PRL)

Made/Secreted: Anterior Pituitary
Target: cells of mammary glands
Action: stimulate cells of mammary glands to produce own hormones. Milk production

9

Thyroid Stimulating hormone (TSH)

Made/Secreted: Anterior Pituitary
Target: Thyroid
Action: stimulates thyroid to produce Thyroid hormone

10

Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

Made/Secreted: Posterior Pituitary
Target: cells of kidney
Action: Stimulates kidney cells to reabsorb more water back into blood stream

11

Oxytocin (OT)

Made/Secreted: Posterior Pituitary
Target: muscles in wall of uterus & mammary glands
Action: stimulate uterine contraction and milk production

12

Triiodothronine (T3) & Thyroxine (T4)

Made: Thyroid Gland
Target: all body cells
Action: causes cells to increase their metabolism

13

Calcitonin (CT)

Made: Thyroid Gland
Target: Bone cells (osteoclasts)
Action: stimulates osteoblasts to lay down more bone (produce more matrix which stores calcium). Causes you to store more Calcium (decrease calcium level in blood)

14

Parathyroid hormone (PTH)

Made: Parathyroid
Target: Bone cells
Action: increase blood calcium levels & decrease blood phosphate levels. Increase # and activity of osteoclasts
2nd Target: Kidney cells
Action: regulate calcium and phosphate re-absorption from urine

15

Thymosin hormone

Made: Thymus
Target: T Cells
Action: promote maturation of T-cells

16

Mineralcorticoids (mainly aldosterone)

Made: Adrenal Cortex
Action: Increase blood levels of sodium and water; decrease blood level of potassium

17

Glucocorticoids (mainly cortisol)

Made: Adrenal Cortex
Action: Increase metabolism of fats, carbs & proteins. Increase glucose levels, decrease inflammation, depress immune response, provide resistance to stress

18

Sex Hormones
Anrogens/Estrogens

Made: Adrenal Cortex
Action: affect hair growth & sex drive

19

Epinephrine (EPI)
Norepinephrine (NE)
Dopamine

Made: Adrenal Medulla
Action: enhance effects of sympathetic division of ANS during stress