Drug Therapy for: Diarrhea Flashcards Preview

NUR 146 BOWEL & ELIMINATION > Drug Therapy for: Diarrhea > Flashcards

Flashcards in Drug Therapy for: Diarrhea Deck (16)
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Diphenoxylate with Atropine (Lomotil): What kind of diarrhea is treated?

moderate to severe


Diphenoxylate with Atropine (Lomotil): Action

slows peristalsis by action on intestinal smooth muscle


Diphenoxylate with Atropine (Lomotil): a/e

- tachycardia
- flushing
- dry skin and mucous membranes
- urinary retention


Diphenoxylate with Atropine (Lomotil): Administration is ___.



Diphenoxylate with Atropine (Lomotil): When should I stop taking it?

once diarrhea is under control stop taking lomotil immediately


Diarrhea drug teaching: Are there any special diet restrictions I should know about?

- yes, avoid highly spiced foods and laxative type foods and beverages: fresh fruits and vegetables, coffee/caffeinated and noncarbonated beverages


Diarrhea drug teaching: I'm taking lomotil or imodium are there any special precautions for these drugs?

Yes, they can cause dizziness or drowsiness so use caution if driving or task requiring high alertness, coordination or physical dexterity. Also avoid alcohol or other drowsy causing drugs.


Diarrhea drug teaching: I'm taking Pepto-Bismo and my poop is a weird color, is that normal?

If it looks grayish-black yes but it's temporary.


Diarrhea drug teaching: My mouth is so dry after taking lomotil, is that normal?

Yes sucking on hard candy or chewing gum may help this a/e.


Diarrhea drug teaching: I am thinking about taking Pepto-Bismol but what is the difference between the liquid and tablet form?

Liquid = shake it well before measuring your dose
Tablet = chew it well or let it dissolve in your mouth


Loperamide (Imodium): action

increases GI motility by effect on intestinal muscles


Loperamide (Imodium): a/e

- ab pain
- constipation
- fatigue
- n/v


Loperamide (Imodium): Clinically when should admin be stopped?

After 48-hours if improvement has not occurred


Loperamide (Imodium): Overdose is treated by

-gastric lavage
- activated charcoal


Bismuth Subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol): What effects does it posses because of its salicylate component?

antisecretory and possible anti inflammatory effects


Bismuth Subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol): a/e

darkening of the tongue or stool its harmless and temporary because of the salt