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1

what is Vampiril?

ACE Inhibitor

2

What is Rampiril?

ACE Inhibitor

3

What do ACE inhibitors do?

inhibits the conversion of Angiotensin I to Angiotensin II.

Dilates vessles and makes you pee more, ultimately lowering BP.

4

What is Verapamil?

Calcium Channel blocker

5

What are the side effects of ACE inhibitors?

Cough
Angioedema
Hyperkalaemia

6

Drugs ending in "pril" are usually _______?

Ace inhibitors

7

Drugs ending in "Pine"

Calcium Channel Blockers

8

what are the side effects of calcium channel blockers

Ankle swelling,
Head ache,
constipation,
bradycardia

9

When would verapamil be used?

Hypertension
Angina

10

What do Calcium Channel Blockers do?

Relax vascular smooth muscle
reduce force of contraction.

11

When would you never use Calcium Channel Blockers?

In a patient already taking Beta Blockers

12

What do Thiazide type diuretics do?

Inhibit sodium reabsorption at the beginning of the distal convoluted tube.

Makes you pee

13

What are the side effects of Thiazide type Diuretics

You pee all your metal ions out

Hyponatraemia
Hypokalaemia
Dehydration
Gout
Arythmias

14

What is Furosemide?

Loop Diuretic

15

What is Bumetanide

Loop Diuretic

16

What do Loop Diuretics do?

Inhibit Na-K-CL transporter at the loop of Henle.

Reduces salt reabsorption

You pee more.

17

What are the side effects of Furosemide?

Hypotension, Hyponatraemia, Hypokalaemia, Hypocalcaemia,
Gout

18

When is Furosemide used?

Heart Failure,
Hypertension

19

When are Loop Diuretics used?

Heart Failure,
Hypertension

20

What is Atenolol?

Beta Blocker

21

What is Propranolol?

Beta Blocker

22

What receptor/s does Antenolol block?

Only blocks β1 adrenoreceptors

23

What receptor/s does Propranolol block?

blocks both β1 & β2 adrenoceptors

24

When would you use Atenolol?

Angina,
Heart failure,
Hyper tension.

25

What do beta blockers do?

reduce heart rate and force of contraction

26

When would you use Propranolol?

thyrotoxicosis

27

What are the side effects of Beta Blockers?

Bronchospasms
Cold peripheries
Fatigue

28

In which patients would you never give Beta Blockers?

Asthmatic Patients

29

Beta Blockers often make patients better/worse in the short term but better/worse long term

Beta Blockers often make patients worse in the short term but better in the long term.

30

What do Nitrates do?

Fast acting vasodilators

31

What is Isosobride mononitrate

Nitrate

32

What is Glycerin Trinitrate?

Nitrate

33

When would you use nitrates?

Acute heart failure
Angina.

34

What are the side effects of GTN spray?

Head aches
Hypotension (collapse)

35

How long should you avoid nitrate use to avoid tolerance?

8hrs/day

36

What is Asprin?

Anti-platelet agent

37

What is Clopidogrel?

Anti-platelet agent

38

What is Prasugrel?

Anti-platelet agent

39

What does Asprin and Clopidogrel do?

Prevent new thrombosis

40

When is Aspin or Clopidogrel used?

Angina
MI
Patients at risk of MI

41

What are the side effects of anti-platelet drugs?

Haemorrhage anywhere.
Peptic ulcer.

42

What would prompt you to not use anti-platelet drugs?

Suspected bleed eg Peptic ulcer.

43

What is Heparin?

Anticoagulant

44

What is Warfarin?

Anticoagulant

45

What is Rivaroxaban?

Anticoagulant

46

What is Dabigatran?

Anticoagulant

47

When are Anticoagulants used?

To prevent:-
Deep Vein Thrombosis
Pulmonary Embolisim

Used in:-
NSTEMI
Atrial Fibrilation.

48

What is the problem with anticoagulants?

If there is haemorrhage the bleeding wont stop.

49

How could you reverse the effects of anticoagulants?

Vitamin K

50

What is Streptokinase?

Fibrinolytic drugs (clot buster)

51

Name a clot busting drug

Streptokinase

52

When would you use streptokinase?

STEMI
Pulmonary Embolism (sometimes)

53

What do statins do?

Lower Cholesterol

54

What are the side effects of Statins?

Myopathy

55

What does Adenosine do?

Causes transient Heart Block

56

Name an Anti-arrhythmic drug

Adenosine

57

What are the side effects of Adenosine?

Chest pain
Bronchospasm

58

In which patients should you never use Adenosine?

Asthmatic patients

59

What does Digoxin do?

Blocks AV conduction
Increases ventricular irritability.

60

What are the side effects of Digoxin?

Yellow vision
Nausea
Bradycardia
Heart block
Ventricle arrhythmias

61

Name a Short-acting beta 2 agonist

Salbutamol

62

Side effect of Salbutamol?

Tremor

63

What is Beclomethasone?

Inhaled Corticosteroid

64

What is Diproponate?

Inhaled Corticosteroid

65

What is fluticasone propionate?

Inhaled Corticosteriods

66

What do Inhaled corticosteroids do?

Local immunosuppressant

67

What are the side effects of inhaled corticosteroids?

Oral Candidiasis
stunted growth in children

68

Name a Long acting beta 2 agonist

Salmeterol or Formoterol

69

What is salmeterol?

Long acting beta 2 agonist

70

What is Formoterol?

Long acting beta 2 agonist

71

Side effects of LABA

Tremor

72

What Is monteleukast

Oral anti-inflammatory with a high therapeutic ratio

73

What is Ipratropium?

Short acting muscarinic acetylcholine receptor antagonist

74

What does OSHIT stand for?

Oxygen
Salbutamol
Hydrocortisone IV
Ipratropium
Theophylline

75

Who is the best brain scape wizard?

your boi mikey S

76

what antibiotics would you use in a patient with community acquired pneumonia?

1. Amoxicillin
2. Doxycycline if they are allergic to penicillin.

77

What antibiotics would you use in a patient with hospital acquired pneumonia?

IV amoxicillin, metronidazole and gentamicin

78

What antibiotics would you use in an acute exacerbation of COPD

1. Amoxicillin
2. Doxycycline if they are allergic to penicillin.

79

What antibiotics would you use in subacute endocarditis?

Amoxicillin + Gentamicin

80

What antibiotics would you use in acute endocartitis

Flucloxacillin

81

What antibiotics would you use in Clostridium Difficile infection?

1. Metronidazole
2. Vancomycin

82

What antibiotics would you use in an billary tract infection?

IV amoxicillin + metronidazole + Gentamicin.