Dry Wines Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Dry Wines Deck (51):
1

What does it mean?
Branco

White

2

What does it mean?
Tinto

Red

3

What are the three basic Quality designations of Portugal

Denominacao de Origem COntrolada (DOC)

Indicacoes Geograficas Protegidas (IGP) This is gradually replacing the Vinho Regional (VR)

Vinho or Vinho de Portugal (replaced the old Vinho de Mesa)

4

Where would you find Colares (be specific)

Near Lisboa in Western Portugal

5

Define Casta

Grape Variety

6

What grape variety makes Bairrada's most long lived, single variety reds?

Baga

7

What does it mean?
Verde

Young

8

How many IGPs are in Portugal? What are they?

MP- La Serena

14
Minho
Transmatano
Duriense
Terras do Dao
Terras de Cister
Terras da Beira
Berira Atlantico
Tejo
Lisboa
Alentejano
Peninsula de Setubal
Algarve
Terras Madeirenses
Acores

9

What is the dominant variety of the Bucelas Region?

Arinto

10

Garrafeira min aging for red, white and rose

Red 30 months w. 12 in bottle

White and Rose 12 months w. 6 in bottle

11

What viticultural hazard hit Portugal in the 1850's

Powdery and Downy Mildew

12

Non IGP, VR, DOP wines in portugal are declassified to what?

Vinhos de Mesa or Vinho

13

Where would you find the DOPs of Dao and Lafoes?

Terras do Dao IGP

14

What is Enforcado

A system of high vine training common in Minho , vines would grow up trunks of trees, telephone poles, etc, creating overhead canopies. Lessing the threat of fungal disease from the Cool rainy climate

15

What is Vinho Verde's most planted grape

Loureiro

16

What is muscatel Galego used for?

Fortified Moscate wines, which may carry an age designation in the manner of tawny port

17

What Viticultural Hazard hit Portugal in the late 1860's

Phylloxera

18

What must happen to label your wine as gran reserva in the Duoro

IVDP must certify all wines, but those that meet the reserva criteria and score exceptionally well in the blind tasting lysis get to use the term grand reserva

19

Name another Red grape variety usually used in port that makes dry red Portuguese wines?

Touring Franca
Trincadeira (tinta Amarela for port)
Jaen (Mencia)
Tinta Boriz (in North) Aragones (South) is Tempranillo

20

What are the 3 sub regions of the Trans-os-montes DOP in Transamatano

Chaves, Valpacos, Planalto Mirandes

21

What does reserva mean on traditional method sparkling wine?

Min 12 months on the lees prior to discorgement

22

Describe the main soil type of Minho Verde

Gentle slopes of shallow granitic soil

23

What does reserve on still portuguese wine mean?

0.5% higher than the legal min. established by the DOP or IGP, however some DOPs have stricter laws

24

What is the Junta National do Vinhos?

A group founded in 1937 to restart the portuguese wine industry by taking small vineyards and putting them into larger co-ops ( The Quality of wine suffered)

25

What is the largest DOP is portugal?

Vinho Verde (15% of the nations total acerage)

26

What are the two DOPs of Duriense

Duoro and Porto

27

What is a major viticultural hazard associated with Minho/Vinho Verde

Grey rot- cool maritime off atlantic climate

28

What is Portugal's flagship red grape?

Touring National

29

What is the only region that was spared from Phylloxera in Portugal, why?

Colares, soils are almost all sand

30

In what year were Portugal's DOC's additionally classified as DOPs and why?

2009, in order to maintain EU protection

31

What are Mateus and Lancers?

Semi sparkling rose that along with port became the face of the Portuguese wine industry after WWII

32

In the Duoro red, white, rose reserva wines must do what?

Achieve a higher min alcohol and aged
White and rose min goes from 10.5% to 11.5% + 6 month aging

Red goes from 11% to 12% + 12 months aging

33

The Vinho Verde DOP is within what IGP?

Minho

34

What does it mean?
Adega

Winery

35

What does it mean?
Doce

Sweet

36

What does it mean?
Vinha

Vineyard

37

What is the most widely grown grape variety in Portugal

Castelao

38

Min % of grapes from the regions for bottling for IG (VR) in Portugal

85%

39

What styles of wine may be made in Minho? Answer in portuguese...

Tinto, Branco, Rosado

40

Name a UNESCO world heritage site in Portugal

Duoro

41

White and Rose Garrafeira min aging

Min 12 Months w. 6 in bottle

42

Name the three sub zones of Duoro

Baixo Corgo
Cima Corgo
Duoro Superior

43

What does it mean?
Amarzem

Cellar

44

What does it mean?
Engarrafado (na Origem)

Bottled (estate Bottles)

45

What does it mean?
Maduro

Old or mature

46

Define Garrafeira

Wine produced as vintage dated DOP or IGP may carry this label meaning "private wine cellar" and indicating a minimum period off aging prior to release

47

Colheita Seleccionada indicate what?

Min 1% higher alcohol content that that established by the regional appellation

48

Red Garrafeira min aging

Min 30 months w. 12 in Bottle

49

What was the reason the cork industry took off in Portugal

Lack of replanting after Phylloxera

50

What is Perequita

A brand of wine made from the Castelao variety, that was formed by JM da Fonseca that was so successful that it became a copied synonym for the grape and led to law suits

51

What does it mean?
Colheita

Vintage