DSA Biomolecules Flashcards Preview

MCM Exam 1 > DSA Biomolecules > Flashcards

Flashcards in DSA Biomolecules Deck (15):
1

Starch

2 Forms and linkages

Glucose polysaccharide in plants

Amylose = a 1-4 bond (Not branched)

Amylopectin = a 1-4 and a 1-6 bonds (Branched)

2

Sucrose

Disaccharide of glucose and fructose in vegatables and fruits

a-1, B-2 bond

3

Lactose

Disaccharide of glucose and galactose and major dietary CHO of animal origin

B 1-4 bond

4

Maltose

Disaccharide of two glucose

a 1-4 bond

5

Normal glucose range

Hypoglycemic Range

Diabetic Range

70-100 (fasting) <140 (fed)

<60

>125 (fasting) >200 (fed)

6

Monosaccharides

Glucose, Fructose, Galactose, Ribose

7

Disaccharides

Maltose, Lactose, Sucrose

8

Oligosaccharides

Glycolipids and Glycoproteins

9

Polysaccharides

Glycogen, Starch, Cellulose

10

Sugar Alcohols

Mannitol, Sorbitol, Xylitol

Food additives, significane in uncontrolled diabetes

(Cataracts and peripheral neuropathy)

11

Dietary Lipids

FAs

TAGs

Cholesterol Esters (FA esterified to cholesterol)

Phospholipids

 

12

Lipid Soluble Vitamins

ADEK

13

Isoprenoids

Synthesized from Acetyl CoA via intermediate IPP (isopentyl pyrophosphate)

Condensation of IPP = steroids, vitamins, and CoQ

14

Cholesterol is a precursor for _

Steroid hormones, Bile Acids, Vit D

15

Nonpolar AA