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Flashcards in DSM-5 Deck (90)
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1

NEURODEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS

onset in the developmental period; typically manifested early in development; Intellectual Disability, ASD, ADHD, Specific Learning Disorder, Neurodevelopmental Motor Disorder, TIC Disorders, They frequently co-occur

2

INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY

deficits in general mental abilities, reasoning, problem solving, planning, abstract thinking, judgment, academic learning, Specifiers are Mild, Moderate, Severe, and Profound depending on the domains of: Conceptual, Social, and Practical

3

AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER

persistent impairment in reciprocal social communications and social interaction and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests or activities present from early childhood and limit or impair every day functioning:

4

ADHD

impairing levels of inattention (inability to stay on task, seeming not to listen), disorganization (losing materials), and/or hyperactivity overactivity, fidgeting, inability to stay seated, intruding into others’ activities, inability to wait

5

SPECIFIC LEARNING DISORDER

persistent difficulties learning keystone academic skills with onset during the years of formal schooling; the individual’s performance must be well below average for age and should be seen in the early school years most of the time

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NEURODEVELOPMENTAL MOTOR DISORDERS

deficits in the acquisition and execution of coordinated motor skills, clumsiness, slowness, inaccuracy of motor skill performance that interrupts daily living activities - Development Coordination Disorder - (low motor skills for chronological age); Stereotypic Movement DO (repetitive movement i.e. hand flapping, rocking, head banging, self-biting/hitting) TIC DO (motor/vocal)

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Schizophrenia Spectrum and other Psychotic Disorders

delusions, hallucinations, disorganized thinking/speech, and negative symptoms
Schizotypal (Personality) Disorder; Delusional Disorder, Brief Psychotic Episode, Schizophreniform DO, Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective DO, Substance/medication induced psychotic DO, Psychotic ds due to another medical condition, Catatonia

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Schizotypal (Personality) DO

Cluster A
social and interpersonal deficits - difficulties with close relationships, cognitive/perceptual distortions - eccentric behaviors/physical appearance - odd beliefs, magical thinking, ideas/delusions of reference - paranoid ideation - inappropriate/constricted affect - anxiety around paranoid fears

9

Delusional Disorder

presence of 1 or more delusions, cannot meet criterion A for schizophrenia; psychosocial functioning may be less restricted than that of other psychotic disorders and the behavior is not bizarre or odd; total mood episodes are brief (or absent) as compared to the delusions; 7 subtypes

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BRIEF PSYCHOTIC EPISODE

sudden onset of delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech or grossly abnormal psychomotor behavior (like catatonia
lasts more than 1 day BUT less than 30 - then return to premorbid level of functioning

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SCHIZOPHRENIFORM DISORDER

1 month – 5 months but less than 6 months – pre form to schizophrenia

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SCHIZOPHRENIA

characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior, and/or negative symptoms that significantly impair one or more major areas (work, school, interpersonal relationships etc.)
6 months or longer

13

SCHIZOAFFECTIVE DISORDER

Mixture of bipolar disorder I AND schizophrenia/hallucinations for 2 weeks as well as major depressive disorder type symptoms

14

SUBSTANCE/MEDICATION INDUCED PSYCHOTIC DISORDER

presence of hallucinations and/or delusions and evidence these symptoms occurred soon after substance intoxication/withdrawal or after a medication plus the substance is capable of producing these effects.

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PSYCHOTIC DISORDER DUE TO ANOTHER MEDICAL CONDITION

prominent hallucinations or delusions directly related to another medical condition

16

CATATONIA
CATATONIA ASSOCIATED WITH ANOTHER MENTAL DISORDER
CATATONIC DISORDER DUE TO ANOTHER MEDICAL CONDITION

can happen in several disorders; defined by 3 of 12 symptoms: stupor, catalepsy, waxy flexibility, mutism, negativism, posturing, mannerism, stereotypy, agitation not influenced by external stimuli, grimacing, echolalia, echopraxia

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BIPOLAR AND RELATED DISORDERS

separated from depressive disorders and put as a bridge between that and schizophrenia due to the symptomatology, family history, and genetics components
BIPOLAR 1 DISORDER
BIPOLAR II DISORDER
CYCLOTHYMIC DISORDER
SUBSTANCE/MEDICATION INDUCED BIPOLAR AND RELATED DISORDER BIPOLAR AND RELATED DISORDER DUE TO ANOTHER MEDICAL CONDITION

18

BIPOLAR 1 DISORDER

Mania or hypomania for 1 week or longer (differentiate, mania is often 1 week and hypomania = 4 days or longer); as a clinically significant impact on someone’s functioning such as hospitalization

19

BIPOLAR II DISORDER

Hypomania = 4 days or more, but generally 30 days or more; does not require clinically significant impact on someone’s life.

20

CYCLOTHYMIC DISORDER

chronic fluctuating mood disturbances involving numerous periods of hypomanic symptoms and periods of depressive symptoms over a 2 YEAR period

21

DEPRESSIVE DISORDERS

common feature is sad, empty, or irritable mood accompanied by somatic and cognitive changes that significantly affect capacity to function
DISRUPTIVE MOOD DYSREGULATION DISORDER
MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER
PERSISTENT DEPRESSIVE DISORDER (DYSTHYMIA)
PREMENSTRUAL DYSPHORIC DISORDER
SUBSTANCE/MEDICATION INDUCED DEPRESSIVE DISORDER DEPRESSIVE DISORDER DUE TO ANOTHER MEDICAL CONDITION

22

DISRUPTIVE MOOD DYSREGULATION DISORDER

core feature is chronic, severe persistent irritability in the form of frequent temper outbursts usually from frustration for a period of at least 1 year in at least 2 different settings

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MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER

essential feature is a period of at least 2 weeks with a depressed mood or the loss of interest or pleasure in nearly all activities, nearly all day, almost every day

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PERSISTENT DEPRESSIVE DISORDER (DYSTHYMIA)

essential feature is depressed mood that occurs for most of the day for more days than not for at least 2 yrs for adults and 1 yr for children and adolescents

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PREMENSTRUAL DYSPHORIC DISORDER

key features are expression of mood lability, irritability, dysphoria, and anxiety symptoms during the premenstrual phase that remit around the onset of menses or shortly thereafter. Must have happened during the majority of menstrual cycles over the past year and must have an adverse effect on work or social functioning. Should be confirmed by 2 months of prospective symptom ratings.

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ANXIETY DISORDERS

shared features of excessive fear and anxiety and related behavioral disturbances; arranged developmentally
SEPARATION ANXIETY DISORDER
SELECTIVE MUTISM
SPECIFIC PHOBIA
SOCIAL ANXIETY DISORDER (social phobia)
PANIC DISORDER
AGORAPHOBIA
GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER
SUBSTANCE/MEDICATION-INDUCED ANXIETY DISORDER OTHER SPECIFIED ANXIETY DISORDER

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SEPARATION ANXIETY DISORDER

One month for children and 6 months for adults. Where someone will become anxious when they are apart from their caregiver or someone significant. CT will feel sick and do anything to get back close to the identified person.

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SELECTIVE MUTISM

do not initiate or reciprocally respond when spoken to by others in social interactions with children or adults; may speak in front of immediate family members and/or at home; often refuse to speak at school; may interfere with social communication; onset usually before age 5

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SPECIFIC PHOBIA

anxiety surrounding a presence of a specific situation or object that is out of proportion to the actual danger presented happening nearly every time the object or situation appears; they actively avoid the situation/object; typically lasting 6 months or more and must cause significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning

30

SOCIAL ANXIETY DISORDER (social phobia)

6 months or longer, where someone would be anxious to be in social situations for fear of being scrutinized, belittled, criticized