Flashcards in Early Christian and Byzantine Art facts Deck (19)
What centuries were early Christians prosecuted during?
What are examples of Christians assigning new meaning to old pagan images?
What are examples of Christians assigning new meaning to old testament images?
Good Sheperd, Jonah & the Whale
T or F: In many Christian images take content over form
What is usually indicated when there is a group of heads in a painting?
What is a Basilica
Type of building, which became the basis for the christian church. It has a longitudinal (Rectangular) Plan with interior space divided into three aisles by two rows of columns. It has a semicircular apse at the end
What is a Nave?
The center aisle in a longitudinal plan. It is higher than the other two side aisles, allowing for a row of windows above called a clerestory.
What are side aisles?
Aisles on the north and south sides of the Nave
What is a transept?
The transverse portion (arms) of a basilica or church. Its intersection with the main axis of the church is called the crossing. Transept also where saints are buried.
What is an apse?
Semicircular area at the east end of the church. Its interior forms a type of triumphal arch. The alter is located in front of the apse. Apse is also the location of the Bishops chair Images of Christ can be found here.
What is liturgy?
A rite or body of rites prescribed for public worship (church service) in the roman catholic church, service takes place in front of congregation.
Where are people located in the basilica?
Women north side, Men south side with Christian Basilica. Practice is not followed in the Byzantine and eastern orthodox liturgy.
T or F: The Hagia Sophia is an outstanding example of Byzantine architecture and palace church for emperor Justinion
T or F: Hagia Sophia is only centralized plans
false, centralized and basilica architecture plans. It is a creative combination and interpretation of longitudinal plans with centralized vaulted shapes
How is a circular dome connected to a non circular base?
Pendentives, a historic contribution to architecture
In Byzantine Bascilicas, where did women sit?
The second floor, Gallery. Men sit on the bottom
T or F: Only emperor and clergy can take part in the mass and women were not allowed in the sanctuary
T or F: Clay paintings were the favored medium for the interior decor of Byzantine churches
False, Mosaics were the favored medium