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Flashcards in Early Christian and Byzantine Art facts Deck (19)
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1

What centuries were early Christians prosecuted during?

1st-4th century

2

What are examples of Christians assigning new meaning to old pagan images?

Good Sheperd

3

What are examples of Christians assigning new meaning to old testament images?

Good Sheperd, Jonah & the Whale

4

T or F: In many Christian images take content over form

T

5

What is usually indicated when there is a group of heads in a painting?

Large Crowd

6

What is a Basilica

Type of building, which became the basis for the christian church. It has a longitudinal (Rectangular) Plan with interior space divided into three aisles by two rows of columns. It has a semicircular apse at the end

7

What is a Nave?

The center aisle in a longitudinal plan. It is higher than the other two side aisles, allowing for a row of windows above called a clerestory.

8

What are side aisles?

Aisles on the north and south sides of the Nave

9

What is a transept?

The transverse portion (arms) of a basilica or church. Its intersection with the main axis of the church is called the crossing. Transept also where saints are buried.

10

What is an apse?

Semicircular area at the east end of the church. Its interior forms a type of triumphal arch. The alter is located in front of the apse. Apse is also the location of the Bishops chair Images of Christ can be found here.

11

What is liturgy?

A rite or body of rites prescribed for public worship (church service) in the roman catholic church, service takes place in front of congregation.

12

Where are people located in the basilica?

Women north side, Men south side with Christian Basilica. Practice is not followed in the Byzantine and eastern orthodox liturgy.

13

T or F: The Hagia Sophia is an outstanding example of Byzantine architecture and palace church for emperor Justinion

true

14

T or F: Hagia Sophia is only centralized plans

false, centralized and basilica architecture plans. It is a creative combination and interpretation of longitudinal plans with centralized vaulted shapes

15

How is a circular dome connected to a non circular base?

Pendentives, a historic contribution to architecture

16

In Byzantine Bascilicas, where did women sit?

The second floor, Gallery. Men sit on the bottom

17

T or F: Only emperor and clergy can take part in the mass and women were not allowed in the sanctuary

True

18

T or F: Clay paintings were the favored medium for the interior decor of Byzantine churches

False, Mosaics were the favored medium

19

Define an Icon

An image believed to be sacred in itself that can aid in contacting the represented figure. Christ, the Virgin, and various saints often grouped into a large screen, primary images for byzantine, greek orthodox, and russian orthodox churches