Flashcards in Handouts 4-7 Greek Facts Deck (31)
What is contrapposto?
When was potters wheel invented?
Characteristics of Doric and Ionic order
Doric: Male, non-continuous frieze, plain capitol and column, triglyphs and metopes
Ionic: Volute columns, continuous frieze, female
The order of the time periods?
Geometric, Oriental, Archaic, Classical, and Hellenistic
Define hubris and nemesis
nemesis=too much pride
Name the three sculptors of Greece
Polykleitos, Myron, Phidias
Which architects made the parthenon
Iktinos and Kallikrates
What is the delian league
Formed after Persians defeated. A Hellenic alliance, led by athenians
True or False: Parthenon has all Doric feautures
False, outer doric, inside ionic
What was the orientalizing period?
A transition phase, took inspiration from Near East, Egypt, Syria, Phoenicia
How does Greek and Egyptian sculpture differ?
Greek is nude. And Greek is liberated from original stone block, egypts obsession with permanence was alien to Greek psychology and so philosophy
What did the archaic period develop?
Life size stone statue, Kouros and Kore, and change from black figure to red figure vase painting
What are virtues set forth by the Iliad?
Friendship, loyalty, courage, death/value of human liofe
What are characteristics of Early Classical Sculpture?
Archaic smile gone, harmonious proportions, increased self awareness, and bronze sculpture
What culture created comedy/tragedy?
Greek culture, created since they had no illusions of life
What did the greeks want in all things?
harmony, order, balance, stability, calm,
Difference between ethos and pathos
Ethos=central attribute of one's character, self-discipline
What kind of tomb was the Royal Treasury of Artreus? And what is so special about the Treasury?
Beehive tomb, largest unobstructed space in antiquity
What are traditional Greek ideals and attitudes?
Positive rational mind, individualism, harmony
What are major changes in making hellenistic sculpture?
Non-classical, not ideal
See portrayal of Women and Goddesses
See human reality and emotions
Emphasis on drapery
What is a stoa?
roofed colonnade or portico
Who created the S-curve in sculpture?
Who came up with the Greek Canon of Proportions?
What did Phidias sculpt?
Gods and Goddesses
What are the Krater and Amphora designs?
Who was Homer?
8th century blind poet from Aegean Islands or Asia Minor
Who is Achilles?
chief hero in the Iliad; symbolizes youth and strength
What is a corbel?
an overlapping arrangement of stones, each course projecting beyond the one below, used in construction of arch or vault