Handouts 4-7 Greek Facts Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Handouts 4-7 Greek Facts Deck (31)
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1

What is contrapposto?

weight shift

2

When was potters wheel invented?

2000 BCE

3

Characteristics of Doric and Ionic order

Doric: Male, non-continuous frieze, plain capitol and column, triglyphs and metopes
Ionic: Volute columns, continuous frieze, female

4

The order of the time periods?

Geometric, Oriental, Archaic, Classical, and Hellenistic

5

Define hubris and nemesis

Hubris=pride
nemesis=too much pride

6

Name the three sculptors of Greece

Polykleitos, Myron, Phidias

7

Which architects made the parthenon

Iktinos and Kallikrates

8

What is the delian league

Formed after Persians defeated. A Hellenic alliance, led by athenians

9

True or False: Parthenon has all Doric feautures

False, outer doric, inside ionic

10

What was the orientalizing period?

A transition phase, took inspiration from Near East, Egypt, Syria, Phoenicia

11

How does Greek and Egyptian sculpture differ?

Greek is nude. And Greek is liberated from original stone block, egypts obsession with permanence was alien to Greek psychology and so philosophy

12

What did the archaic period develop?

Life size stone statue, Kouros and Kore, and change from black figure to red figure vase painting

13

What are virtues set forth by the Iliad?

Friendship, loyalty, courage, death/value of human liofe

14

What are characteristics of Early Classical Sculpture?

Archaic smile gone, harmonious proportions, increased self awareness, and bronze sculpture

15

Anthropocentric Universe

man-centered universe

16

What culture created comedy/tragedy?

Greek culture, created since they had no illusions of life

17

What did the greeks want in all things?

harmony, order, balance, stability, calm,

18

Difference between ethos and pathos

Ethos=central attribute of one's character, self-discipline
Pathos=personal emotion

19

What kind of tomb was the Royal Treasury of Artreus? And what is so special about the Treasury?

Beehive tomb, largest unobstructed space in antiquity

20

What are traditional Greek ideals and attitudes?

Positive rational mind, individualism, harmony

21

What are major changes in making hellenistic sculpture?

Non-classical, not ideal
See portrayal of Women and Goddesses
See human reality and emotions
Emphasis on drapery
HEAVY DRAMA

22

What is a stoa?

roofed colonnade or portico

23

Who created the S-curve in sculpture?

Myron

24

Who came up with the Greek Canon of Proportions?

Polykleitos

25

What did Phidias sculpt?

Gods and Goddesses

26

What are the Krater and Amphora designs?

vase shapes

27

Who was Homer?

8th century blind poet from Aegean Islands or Asia Minor

28

Who is Achilles?

chief hero in the Iliad; symbolizes youth and strength

29

What is a corbel?

an overlapping arrangement of stones, each course projecting beyond the one below, used in construction of arch or vault

30

Differentiate between Mycenaean and Minoan Megarons

Mycenaean: true megaron; a large (three chambered) rectangular structure, fronted by an open two-columned porch; fundamental building type; the architectural basis for all Greek temples

Minoan: not a true megaron; scattered and lack of order, non-geometric