Early Colonies Test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Early Colonies Test Deck (39):
1

Economic theory that emphasized commerce

Mercantilism

2

System of trade involving Europe, Africa, and the Americas

The triangle trade route

3

The defeat of the Spanish ________in 1588 helped open the way to English colonization

Armada

4

The voyage from Africa to the Americas

The middle passage

5

Approximately _____million Africans were kidnapped into slavery

20

6

Manhattan was once____

New Amsterdam

7

Leader of Massachusetts who hoped for a city upon a hill

John Winthrop

8

Companies formed to spread risk over many investors

Joint stock companies

9

Revolution of 1688

Glorious Revolution

10

Where first English child was born in North America

Roanoke

11

Before it was New Jersey much of it was____

New Sweden

12

Cash crop of South Carolina

Rice

13

Another word for contract to work

Indenture

14

First successful English settlement on North America mainland

Jamestown

15

Type of Connie where Gov. was appointed by the king

Royle

16

Cash crop of the Chesapeake colonies

Tobacco

17

Colonies founded as a buffer from Spain and Haven for debtors

Georgia

18

King who authorized colonization and 1606

King James

19

Banished for her belief that individuals could interpret scripture without ministers

Anne Hutchinson

20

Under Queen Elizabeth, England became the champion of _____ Nations

Protestant

21

Period Between Kings, 1649 to 1660

Interregnum

22

Pennsylvania and Rhode Island had _____ of church and state

Separation

23

Wanting to rid the church of England of Catholic hierarchies

Puritans

24

The first government of Plymouth was created by the

Mayflower compact

25

Acts passed to ensure English control of goods going into an out of the colonies

Navigation acts

26

Colony founded as a haven for Catholics

Maryland

27

Denied the vote in Rhode Island

Catholics

28

Document that served as the Constitution for a colony

Charter

29

Government run by religion

Theocracy

30

Puritan churches of New England were each run by there

Congregation

31

Type of colony controlled by one man or small group of men

Proprietary

32

System used to encourage plantation owners to increase population of Virginia

Head right system if you paid for the passage of an indentured servant you would receive 50 acres of land

33

Religion of William penn

Quaker

34

Founded a colony after being banished from one

Roger Williams – founded Rhode Island

35

English colony taken from Dutch in 1664

New York

36

1649 act to guarantee religious freedom for all Christians in one colony

Toleration act Maryland

37

Protestants believed in freedom of

Conscience

38

Led rebellion in Jamestown in 1676

Bacon

39

Dominant official church of southern colonies

Anglican like in England