Chapter 7 Section1-3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Section1-3 Deck (55):
1

What system included the federal govt building internal improvement?

The American system

2

Invention of Eli Whitney

Cotton gin and interchangeable parts

3

What is the Missouri compromise?

Missouri requested permission to be a state, however the admission of MO would cause the balance of 11 free-11 slave states to falter. In response, Maine was added as the 12th free state and they drew the line from Missouri to the east coast, those above =free, below=slave. Opposite of what TJ would have wanted because it caused seperation and decreased nationalism

4

Gibbons vs Ogden

1824-
Steamboat monopoly was given by the state of NY, this threatened the business of one man's boats from NJ to NY

- Marshall ruled boats=commerce=federal

5

What invention sped up communication?

The telegraph

6

The protective tariff was against the sectional interest of ______? And how did it effect this region?

The south.
They had to pay a higher tax for consumer goods

7

What was the tariff of 1816?

A tariff passed by congress on imported British goods to support american manufactured goods.
One was wanted earlier by Hamilton, but there was not much nationalism. Shows increased nationalism.

8

Completed in 1825, ______ ______ ran 363 miles east/west across NY STATE

Erie Canal

9

A failed political revolution in _____ led to more immigrants in the US.

Germany

10

The period before the civil war

Antebellum period

11

Money needed to build factories

Capital

12

Man who brought British design of textile Machinery to US (from Britain)

Slater

13

Gradual abolition

MO entered as slave state but eventually had to become free. Proposed by Tallmadge.

14

The federal govt funded this road

National

15

Pop in N increased faster then S due to these things

Immigration
Job opportunities (factories)

16

Congressman who put together MO COMPROMISE

Henry Clay

17

Ppl opposed to immigration

Nativists

18

Fulton's Clermont was a ______

Steamboat

19

Fulton's Clermont traveled from NY city to _____ on the _____ river

Albany; Hudson

20

A major supporter in congress for the American system

Henry clay

21

What did states do to companies to operate roads in turnpikes?

Chartered

22

Road for which users had to pay a toll

Turnpikes

23

What was the "stepping stone" to presidency?

The office of Secretary of State

24

Hamilton couldn't get a ______ _____ in 1792 but Madison did in 1816

Protective tariff

25

Black freeman who planned a space revolt in Charlestown SC

Denmark Vesey

26

12th free state in 1820

Maine

27

Labor force of the first mill to manufacture cloth in US

Lowell girls

28

President Monroe's Secretary of State

J Q Adams

29

In the Adams-onís treaty, what did the US purchase from Spain?

FL

30

To avoid famine many people immigrated from here

Ireland

31

In the south, capital was invested in wht?

Land and slaves

32

The national road connected Baltimore with what river?

Ohio

33

Organizations formed to promote better pay and work conditions

Labor unions

34

The most dramatic advance in transportation in the 19th century

Railroads

35

Mexicos ind. in 1821 lead to the adoption of what?

The Monroe doctrine

36

Following the year of 1812, the US experienced a what?

Industrial revolution

37

The power to _____ is the power to ______

Tax; destroy

38

Chief Of justice from 1801 to 1835

Marshall

39

Who invented the telegraph?

Samuel f b morse

40

What was the 36-30 line?

The line from Mo to east coast drawn by the MO compromise. N=free S=slave

41

What clause was used in the decision of Gibbons vs Ogden?

Commerce clause

42

Turnpikes

Roads for which users had to pay income was used to improve roads but not much profit was made

43

National Road

Only decent road funded by federal government and extended west from Maryland to Ohio River in 1818

44

Steamboat

Created by Foulton
made upstream travel much easier and
revolutionized transatlantic travel

45

Erie Canal

In 1825 It was 363 miles and helped make New York popular

46

Trains

Train move faster than boats put and to canal building

47

Industrial Revolution

An increase in manufacturing and industry began in Britain during the 1700s

48

Samuel Slater

Use knowledge gained in Britain to build the first US waterpowered textile Mill in 1793

49

Francis Cabot Lowel

Organized a company called the Boston associates who created factories that produced cloth

50

Lowel girls

Young single women from area farms who worked in Lowell's factories they were housed in closely supervised houses

51

Interchangeable parts

Created by Eli Whitney they improved efficiency in factories because identical components could be used in place of one another

52

Samuel Morse

Invented the telegraph and Morse code in 1837

53

1815 was known as

The Era of good feelings

Because of increased nationalism due to the recent victory in the war of 1812

54

After the failed Hartford convention did the Federalist party really disappear?

NO! The Federalist party lost strength however, the Democratic Republicans developed the ideas of the Federalists which in essence changed the name of the Federalist party to the Democratic Republicans creating a so-called Era of good feelings

55

Virginia dynasty

Consecutive presidents from the state of Virginia included Thomas Jefferson James Madison James Monroe the Virginia dynasty was ended by John Quincy Adams Who came in office after James Monroe