Early Language Acquisation Flashcards Preview

English Miss Beckwith > Early Language Acquisation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Early Language Acquisation Deck (30):
1

What happens in the pre-birth stage?

The babies start to familiarise with the mothers voice in the womb and pick up the rhythm of language.

2

What happens when they're 1 day old?

The baby begins to recognise voices. They start to turn to their mothers voice in the womb.

3

What was the study that Jaques Mehler did when babies were 4 days old?

He did a language cognition and development investigation.

4

What did Jaques Mehler find?

He found that when the babies heard French their dummy sucking increased as they were more interested in that language over English and Italian.

5

When can babies distinguish between human and non-human sounds?

2 weeks old.

6

At 2 weeks old what do babies start to recognise within speech?

Turn taking as there are pauses being given by the career.

7

What can parents start to do when the babies are 0-2 months old?

They can begin to recognise their distinctive cries e.g distress or hunger.

8

What else occurs at 0-2 months old?

Biological noises involve control of airflow.
Not classified as a language but parents recognise the cries of foreign babies.

9

At how old do babies begin to "coo"?

6-8 weeks

10

Why do children at 6-8 weeks begin to coo?

Because they have increased control over their vocal cords.

11

Why is 6-8 weeks softer than crying?

Because /k/ or /g/ (velar consonants) are combined with vowels to create /kü/ and /gæ/ sounds.

12

At 6-8 weeks why is dialogue interactive?

Because they get verbal responses from the carer, and can start to recognise things such as smiles being a positive thing.

13

When is the "cooing stage"?

8-20 weeks

14

What does the cooing stage mean?

That babies are responding to the meanings of tones of voice.

15

At 8-20 weeks a babies tongue can move horizontally and vertically, what does this allow?

This allows more phonemes

16

At 8-20 weeks babies lips start to strengthen what does this mean?

This means that thy begin to imitate the movement of adults mouths.

17

At 8-20 weeks what reinforces the rules of turn-taking?

Peekaboo games

18

How does it affect a child if it can sit and scope a room at 8-20 weeks?

It can affect them as it'll increase their communication skills and begin to name objects.

19

What stage is at 6-12 months?

The "babbling stage"

20

What is the most important stage and why?

The babbling stage as continues after the child has begun to use recognise-able words.

21

What does the babbling stage resemble?

It resembles adult language more.

22

At 6-12 months what's more frequent for babies?

Consonant and vowel combinations e.g /dæ/ and /mæ/

23

What do parents class as first words?

The re-duplicated monosyllabic words "dada" or "mama" the words have no meaning but parents still believe these are "first words"

24

Babies start to blow raspberries and bubbles at what age?

6-12 months

25

What do babies do with phonemes at 6-12 months?

They begin to experiment with them and extract what they don't need or hear from others.

26

What age do babies nationalities start to differ?

6-12 months

27

At 6-12 months what can convey meaning?

Facial expression and gestures that can go with phrases such as "what's that?"

28

What are some signs of pragmatic development at 6-12 months?

Interaction with others such as "bye bye" "all gone"

29

When do babies begin to understand words such as "no" and "hot"?

6-12 months

30

At 6-12months what happens to pitch?

It begins to glide from high to low.