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Flashcards in RP Deck (24):

What happened in 1840s and onwards?

Emerging railway network allows geographical mobility meaning that RP can travel.


Term RP coined by linguist A.J.Ellis in what year?



How would others be able to tell if you were a "public school man" in the 1870s? What are the social advantages of attending a public school?

Old school tie, old boys assoc registers, RP accent
Jobs, club membership and marriages


In what year were there strong pressures on undergraduates at both university and college?



1914-18 what was it possible to buy?

It was possible to buy a manual to correct accents. In the First World War the officer needed an RP accent.


What term did Daniel Jones use in "pronouncing dictionary"?



1924 what was the other term that Daniel Jones used in the new edition of his "English pronouncing dictionary"?



What happened with radio broadcasts in 1926?

They were being aired for thousands to listen to, meaning that they'd all be hearing the RP accent as they spoke with the accent on live radio. So listeners would've assumed that they were hearing the authentic sound of perfectly spoken English.


A.C Gimson classified RP into types in 1962, what were these types?

Conservative, general and advanced.


Who was using the terms "upper crust", "mainstream" and "adoptive" to classify types of RP and in what year?

John Wells, Gimsons successor at UCL in 1982


1984 what did David Roswarne used what term to describe the middle ground between RP and cockney?

Estuary English


What is meant by an "adoptive" RP speaker, and how was this approach to accent regarded?

Deliberate change from regional to RP
Positively, advertises identifying with public school class and willingness to change to fit in.


By the last decade of the C19th, what sort of organisations had adopted RP as a sort of gold standard?

Elementary schools, teacher training colleges, central education department and government inspectors


What impact did the expansion of railways have on accents in England?

Middle classes were able to send their children to boarding school by train, therefore regional accents became standardised at boarding school.
Movement of population, village-village, village-town, everywhere-London lead to changes in regional accents


What was PSP and how was it pronounced?

Public school pronunciation- early linguistic form of RP
Chanting of vowel sounds each morning, elocution in grammars


According to Rosewarne, Estuary English uses pronunciation from which region in particular?

From the non-regional and local south-eastern English London


Give some examples of walks of life where EE could be heard in the 1980s

EE can be heard on the front and back benches of the House of Commons and used by some members of the lords. As well as in the city, business circles, local government and media etc.


What happens to /l/ in the final position in EE?

An estuary speaker may use an articulation like /w/ instead of /l/ for example in "bill", there's an /l/ vocalisation


Would an EE speaker use glottals if so where?

They'd use fewer glottal stops for /t/ or /d/ than a London speaker, but more than an RP speaker e.g words such as "butter"


What does DR suggest about the future of Estuary English?

It'll replace RP


If we regarded EE as a social rather than a regional accent, where are its advantages?

EE is approachable and decreases social distance


According to DR, why will advanced RP never be adopted as the accent of the future?

Because EE is more socially influential


What does Rosewarne seem to be saying about the influence of EE?

EE is influenced by the telly and films. There is an imitation of an"Estuary" pronunciation reinforced by the exposure of RP speakers to American English through films and tv.


What percentage of the English population speak RP?