What are social impacts of earthquakes?
- Buildings can collapse
- People killed and injured
- Can break power and gas lines, leaving people powerless
- Can destroy water pipes, leaving people without easy access to clean water, potentially leaving to disease
What are economic impacts of an earthquake?
- Can destroy business premises
- Damage to industry may mean the country has to rely on imports for a short while
- Repairing can be very expensive
What are environmental impacts of an earthquake?
- Leaks of chemical and nuclear power from power plants due to earthquakes or tsunamis
- Fires started by damaged gas and electricity lines
- ## Tsunamis can flood freshwater ecosystems, killing plants and sanitising water and soil
What are some political impacts of earthquakes?
- Shortages of food, water and energy can cause conflict and political unrest
- Governments may have to borrow money to repair damage, putting the country into debt
How can Seismic hazards be responded to?
- Build giant sea walls to prevent tsunamis from hitting land
- Warning systems
What were some social impacts of the 2010 Haiti earthquake?
- 316,000 deaths
- 195,000 injuries
- 1,100,000 homeless
- 2,000,000 in need of food
- Haiti is already the poorest country in the western hemisphere, so this earthquake really wasn’t helpful for Haiti’s development
What were some economic impacts of the 2010 Haiti earthquake?
- 50+ hospitals and 1300 schools damaged
- Prison destroyed and 4000 inmates escaped
What were some short term responses to the 2010 Haiti earthquake
- $100 million given in aid from the USA and $330 by the EU
- 810,000 people placed in aid camps
- 4.3 million provided with food rations following the weeks of the earthquake
- Lack of aid and poor management in some places led to people trying to rescue each other from under the debris
What were some long term responses to the 2010 Haiti earthquake?
- 98& of rubble on the roads hadn’t been clearing making it hard for emergency and aid vehicles to get through
- 1,000,000 people without houses after a year so still had to live aid camps
- Support for nearly 70% of population with no job through cash/food for work projects
- Water and sanitation eventually supplied for 1.7 million people