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Flashcards in ECHO Deck (74)
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1

MV tenting area

A tenting area of 6 cm2 or more usually indicates grade 3 or higher mitral regurgitation

 

2

Simplified Bernoulli equation

3

Assessment of RVSP

4

Doppler calculation of AVA

5

Doppler calculation of MVA

6

MV mean gradient by Doppler

7

Grading of MS

8

FLOW RATE

9

STROKE DISTANCE

STROKE DISTANCE (TVI) = distance in cm blood travels with each stroke

10

STROKE VOLUME

11

calculation stroke volume

12

AVA by continuity

13

HYDRAULIC ORIFICE FORMULA

14

4 PRIMARY PARAMETERS OF 

DIASTOLIC FUNCTION

1) E/A ratio

2) e' velocity

3) PA systolic pressure

4) pulmonary vein velocities

15

"W" in RVOT velocity

a sign of pulmonary hypertension

 

16

LV remodeling parameters

17

Relative Wall Thickness

(2 * PWTd) / LVIDd

 

 

(2 x posterior wall thickness) / LV internal dimension

[in diastole]

18

patterns of remodeling

19

M-mode in pulmonary hypertension

20

M-mode Ebstein anomaly

21

M-mode dilated cardiomyopathy

22

Dimensionless index

<0.25 is bad

23

AVP EOA calculation

stroke volume / TVIAVP

24

Aortic valve PPM

25

Mitral valve PPM

26

AR quantification by JET WIDTH

27

AR quantification by JET AREA

28

AR quantification by VENA CONTRACTA size

29

AR quantification by color in aorta

30

AR quantification by REGURGITANT VOLUME