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Flashcards in Economic Geography Of South Africa Deck (22)
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1

GDP

Gross domestic product
Income earned from goods and services in a country in a year

2

GGP

Gross Geographic Product
The provincial contribution to the country’s GDP

3

Economic sector

The management of various resources and activities that people in a country may be involve in, in order to create wealth

4

Primary

Activities that Involve extraction and exploitation of raw materials from the natural environment

5

Secondary

Process and raw materials into products required by the consumer

6

Tertiary

Activities that provide services to distribution of commodities to businesses and consumers
- Not included in the gross domestic product breakdown of the economy

7

Subsistence

Small amount of land used to sustain oneself and family or close community

8

Commercial

Large amount of land extensively used for profit

9

Small-scale farmers or market Gardener

If all know who has a small but economically viable amount of land which is intensively and profitably farmed

10

Value added products

Basically resource or material made into product for sale

11

Beneficiation

Or value-added processing, involves the transformation of a primary material (produced by mining and extraction processes) to a more finished product, which has a higher export sales value

12

PWV-Gauteng

(Pretoria-Witwatersrand-Vereeniging)
-Iron, steel
-Thermal power
-Automotive industries
-Chemical industries
-Metal industries
-Ubiquitous and footloose industries

13

Durban-Pinetown

-sugar refining
-Bananas, avocados, pineapples, cashew nuts
- coal export
- aluminum industry

14

Port Elizabeth- Uitenhage

-car industry
-automotive component industry
-textiles, leather, wool
- Cerebos salt

15

South Western Cape

-Wine
-fruit juice
- canned fruit
- textiles and clothing
-frozen and fresh fruit
-petrol refineries

16

Good Hope Plan
1981

-to spread economic wealth in South Africa
- led to the geographic regions that make up our nine regions
- de-concentration points created (Atlantis in the Cape) and isolated development points identifies (De Aar)
- tax incentives to encourage industries to move to these areas
- border industries created on the borders of homelands

17

RDP
Reconstruction and development plan
1994

-improve the quality of life
- focused on redistributing wealth, improved health care, create jobs and provide basic services such as water and electricity, land reforms, education and training
- aimed at local development

18

SDI
Spatial Development Initiatives
1995

- identified eleven underdeveloped corridors
- attract foreign investors and allow for economic growth
- Disadvantaged communities in the corridors would benefit from the growth
- attempt to decentralize industries
- Develops the secondary economy with value added and high-tech products

19

IDZ
Industrial Development Zones
2001

-Specialise industrial zone found in an SDI
-Export driven industries
- Located close to harbours and airports

20

GEAR
Growth, Employment and redistribution
1996

-Macro economic policy
-Focused on growth, employment and redistribution of wealth and eradicate poverty
- Designed to attract foreign investors
- Focused on the country as a whole

21

Associated and shared growth in South Africa
AsgiSA
2006

- Macro development plan
-halve poverty and unemployment by 2014

22

The National Development Plan

- Eliminate poverty and inequality by 2030
- Good night South Africans and unleashing the energy of its citizens, building capabilities and working together