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Flashcards in Rural And Urban Settlements Deck (34)
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1

Settlement

A group of people, with buildings and communication links that function together as a single, connected system

2

Site

The actual piece of land on which a settlement is built

3

Situation

The position of the settlement in relation to the surrounding environment

4

Rural settlement

Most inhabitants involved in primary economic activities such as farming, fishing, mining or forestry

5

Urban settlement

One in which most of the inhabitants are involved in secondary, tertiary or quaternary economic activities

6

Rural-urban migration

Movement of people from rural areas to urban areas

7

Urbanisation

Process by which an increasing proportion of the population is concentrated in urban areas

8

Rural-depopulation

The decrease in the amount of people in rural areas

9

Countr urbanisation

large numbers of people move from urban areas into surrounding countryside or rural areas.

10

Land reform

To bring about equitable distribution of land ownership and access, by changing laws governing land ownership and access to land tenure

11

Hierarchy

A series of levels or orders
- each level will perform a similar set of functions but each level will be ranked one above the other

12

Threshold population

The minimum number of customers that each service or business in a settlement needs in order to make it profitable

13

Range

The distance people will travel to buy particular goods or services

14

Sphere of influence

The area from which a business, service or settlement draws its customers

15

Low order goods

Less specialised products or items that are cheap and bought everyday at local convenience stores
- found in towns of all sizes

16

High order goods

Specialised goods
- only found in higher order settlements
(E.g. theatre ,hospital, financial services, mall)

17

Footloose industries

Those industries where location is not determined by access to materials or markets.
These industries are service orientated

18

Facadism

Where the front of a building can be retained and new structures are built behind the original facade

19

Gentrification/ chelseafication

The modernization or renovation of old houses in an urban area

20

Ghetto

An area within an urban settlement in which people of a particular cultural or ethnic group live, often in unattractive conditions

21

Slum

Lacking in at least one of the basic conditions of descent housing:
Adequate sanitation, improved water supply, durable housing or adequate living space

22

Urban renewal

Changing to become more modern or ‘user-friendly’

23

Invasion and succession

New landscape takes over original function.
Changing land use of an area

24

Post modern city

Cities that do not fit into traditional patterns and structures of urban settlements.
-they do not have clearly defined center, sometimes have many centers

25

New town

Planned urban settlements built to ease the pressure on existing areas or to inject economic growth into a region.
- should be socially balanced and independent as possible from existing urban areas
-mainly attract younger skilled people

26

Densification

The effective use of city space to enable people with no personal space to use public spaces

27

Edge city

Concentration of business, shopping and entertainment outside a traditional urban area in a residential suburb or semi-rural community

28

Eco-city

Green cities focused around sustainability with the end goal of decreasing their ecological footprint

29

Urban sprawl

The uncontrolled process whereby urban areas expand into the surrounding rural areas

30

Urban decay

The process whereby a previously functioning city or part of a city falls into disrepair