ECR Musculoskeletal PE Flashcards Preview

ECR 2012 > ECR Musculoskeletal PE > Flashcards

Flashcards in ECR Musculoskeletal PE Deck (15):
1

What are the three types of synovial joints?

Spheroidal (ball and socket)

Hinge

Condylar

2

what are examples of spheroidal (ball and socket) joints?

shoulder, hip

3

What are examples of hinge joint?

Interphalangeal joints of hand and foot; elbow

4

What are examples of Condylar joints

Knee; temporomandiublar joint

5

What ligaments?

collagen fibrils that connect bone to bone

6

What are tendons

collagen fibers that connect muscle to bone

7

Whawt are common or concerning symptoms?

low back pain
neck pain
monoarticular or polyarticular joint pain
inflammatory or infectious joint pain
joing pain with systemic features such as fever, chills, rash, anorexia, weight loss, weakness
joint pain with symptoms from other organ systems

8

What are tips for assessing joint pain (3)

1. ask patients to "point to pain" this may save time b/c pateint's verbal description may be imprecise

2. clarify and record the mechanism of injury, part. if there is a histry of trauma

3. determine whether the pain is LOCALIZED or dffuse, acute or chronic, inflammatory or non inflammatory

9

Osteoarthritits

bone formation, nodules
Wear and tear
Post Traumatic
Bony eburnation
Asymmetric

10

Arthritis with Inflammation

Dolor
Rubor
Calor
Tumor
Morning stiffness and Gel (>30 mins
swollen or stiffness

11

Causes for Acute Inflammatory arhtitis

Gout
Pseudogout
Trauma
Infection

12

Types of inflammatory arthropathies

RA
symmetric, systemic
Spondylaoarthropathy
psoriatic, ankylosing, inflammatory bowel associated, reactive

13

What is Sausage-toe Spondyloarthritis

inflammatory arthritis

14

What is ankylosing spondylitis?

Ankylosing spondylitis is a long-term disease that involves inflammation of the joints between the spinal bones, and the joints between the spine and pelvis.

These joints become swollen and inflamed. Over time, the affected spinal bones join together.

15

What are examples of connective tissue diseases

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Scleroderma
Vasculits