Edexcel GCSE Psychology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Edexcel GCSE Psychology Deck (13):
1

Operant Conditioning

Learning from the consequences of actions

2

Positive reinforcement

receiving something pleasant for a behaviour, so we repeat it.

3

Negative reinforcement

the avoidance of something unpleasant, so we do it again

4

Positive punishment

receiving something unpleasant for a behaviour, so we do not do it again

5

Negative punishment

removing something pleasant so we do not repeat the behaviour again

6

Primary reinforcer

a reinforcer that satisfies a biological need.

7

Secondary reinforcer

a reinforcer of no survival value, but we have learned to associate it with a primary reinforcer

8

Social learning theory

behaviour is learned through the observation and imitation of role models.

9

Modelling

learning a new behaviour through paying attention to, retaining and reproducing the behaviour of a role model

10

Observational learning

learning new behaviours through watching and modelling a role model.

11

Role model

a person who we admire or with whom we share similar characteristics.

12

Vicarious reinforcement

motivation to model the behaviours of others who we see being rewarded for their behaviour.

13

Identification

temporarily adopting the behaviour of a role model or group.